Biotechnology

(College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences)

Faculty. Faculty includes members of the Departments of Animal Science; Engineering: Chemical Engineering &  Materials Science; Computer Science; Engineering: Biological & Agricultural; Food Science & Technology; Land, Air, & Water Resources; Plant Pathology; Plant Sciences; Viticulture & Enology; and the College of Biological Sciences.

The Major Program

Every living organism, from the smallest and most primitive bacteria to every plant, insect, animal or human being, contains DNA as the primary genetic material. DNA directs all cellular processes, creating the incredible variety and diversity of living organisms in the biosphere. Biotechnology focuses on the mechanics of life processes and their application. Biotechnology means "life technology" and represents an integrated, multidisciplinary field, with a profound impact today on almost every aspect of human endeavor.

Preparatory Requirements. UC Davis students who wish to change their major to Biotechnology must complete the following courses (representing the subject areas of Biological Sciences, Chemistry, and Mathematics) with a grade point average of at least 2.500 in each subject area. All of these courses must be taken for a letter grade:

 UNITS
BIS 002A, 002B, 002C15
CHE 002A, 002B, 002C or 003A, 003B, 003C
15
Mathematics, one of the following groups:
MAT 016A, 016B; or MAT 017A, 017B; or MAT 021A, 021B
6-8

The Program. In the first two years, students develop a strong and general background in biological science with an emphasis on fundamental concepts and basic principles of genetics, molecular biology and cell biology. Four options, Animal Biotechnology, Plant Biotechnology, Fermentation/Microbial Biotechnology, and Bioinformatics, provide in-depth training and specialized knowledge in an aspect of biotechnology. Each option has a strong laboratory component to reinforce the theoretical concepts. Students also do an internship in a biotechnology company or university or government laboratory.

Internships and Career Opportunities. In the last decade, more industries are turning to biotechnology to solve problems and improve products, creating a growing job market for individuals trained in biotechnology in the agricultural, food and beverage, health care, chemical, pharmaceutical and biochemical, and environmental and bioremediation industries.

Graduates trained in the technologies designed for biotechnology will find their training applicable to advanced research in molecular biology, genetics, biochemistry, and the plant and animal sciences.

Major Advisor. J.I. Yoder (Plant Sciences) in 101 Asmundson Hall.

Advising Center for the major is located in 1220 Plant & Environmental Sciences; 530-752-1715.

Preparatory Subject Matter
Units: 63-71
Biological Science
15
BIS 002A
Introduction to Biology: Essentials of Life on Earth (Active)
5
BIS 002B
Introduction to Biology: Principles of Ecology and Evolution (Active)
5
BIS 002C
Introduction to Biology: Biodiversity and the Tree of Life (Active)
5
Biotechnology
5
BIT 001Y
Introduction to Biotechnology (Active)
4
BIT 091
Undergraduate Seminars in Biotechnology (Active)
1
Chemistry
21-27
Choose a series:
15
CHE 002A
General Chemistry (Active)
5
CHE 002B
General Chemistry (Active)
5
CHE 002C
General Chemistry (Active)
5
CHE 003A
Chemistry for Life Sciences: Determining Structure and Predicting Properties (Active)
5
CHE 003B
Chemistry for Life Sciences: Predicting and Characterizing Chemical Change (Active)
5
CHE 003C
Chemistry for Life Sciences: Controlling Processes and Synthetic Pathways (Active)
5
Choose CHE 008 series or 118 series or 128 series & 129A:
6-12
CHE 008A
Organic Chemistry: Brief Course (Active)
2
CHE 008B
Organic Chemistry: Brief Course (Active)
4
or
CHE 118A
Organic Chemistry for Health and Life Sciences (Active)
4
CHE 118B
Organic Chemistry for Health and Life Sciences (Active)
4
CHE 118C
Organic Chemistry for Health and Life Sciences (Active)
4
or
CHE 128A
Organic Chemistry (Active)
3
CHE 128B
Organic Chemistry (Active)
3
CHE 128C
Organic Chemistry (Active)
3
CHE 129A
Organic Chemistry Laboratory (Active)
2
Mathematics; choose a series:
6-8
MAT 016A
Short Calculus (Active)
3
MAT 016B
Short Calculus (Active)
3
MAT 017A
Calculus for Biology and Medicine (Active)
4
MAT 017B
Calculus for Biology and Medicine (Active)
4
MAT 021A
Calculus (Active)
4
MAT 021B
Calculus (Active)
4
Physics
8
PHY 007A
General Physics (Active)
4
PHY 007B
General Physics (Active)
4
Choose one:
4
PLS 120
Applied Statistics in Agricultural Sciences (Active)
4
STA 100
Applied Statistics for Biological Sciences (Active)
4
Choose one:
4
May overlap with the English Composition Requirement; may be waived by passing the upper division composition exam.
 
UWP 101
Advanced Composition (Active)
4
UWP 102A
Writing in the Disciplines: Special Topics (Active)
4
UWP 102B
Writing in the Disciplines: Biology (Active)
4
UWP 102D
Writing in the Disciplines: International Relations (Active)
4
UWP 102E
Writing in the Disciplines: Engineering (Active)
4
UWP 102F
Writing in the Disciplines: Food Science and Technology (Active)
4
UWP 102G
Writing in the Disciplines: Environmental Writing (Active)
4
UWP 104A
Writing in the Professions: Business Writing (Active)
4
UWP 104B
Writing in the Professions: Law (Active)
4
UWP 104C
Writing in the Professions: Journalism (Active)
4
UWP 104D
Writing in the Professions: Elementary and Secondary Education (Active)
4
UWP 104E
Writing in the Professions: Science (Active)
4
UWP 104F
Writing in the Professions: Health (Active)
4
UWP 104T
Writing in the Professions: Technical Writing (Active)
4
Depth Subject Matter
Units: 22-29
Biological Science
10-17
BIS 101
Genes and Gene Expression (Active)
4
BIS 104
Cell Biology (Active)
3
Choose BIS 105 or 102 & 103 or ABI 102 & 103:
3-10
BIS 105
Biomolecules and Metabolism (Active)
3
or
BIS 102
Structure and Function of Biomolecules (Active)
3
and
BIS 103
Bioenergetics and Metabolism (Active)
3
or
ABI 102
Animal Biochemistry and Metabolism (Active)
5
and
ABI 103
Animal Biochemistry and Metabolism (Active)
5
Biotechnology
3
BIT 171
Professionalism and Ethics in Genomics and Biotechnology (Active)
3
Microbiology
3
MIC 102
Introductory Microbiology (Active)
3
Molecular & Cellular Biology
3
MCB 121
Advanced Molecular Biology (Active)
3
Internship or independent research; must be approved by major advisor; choose one:
3
BIT 189L
Laboratory Research in Genomics and Biotechnology (Active)
2-5
BIT 192
Internship in Biotechnology (Active)
1-12
BIT 199
Special Study for Advanced Undergraduates (Active)
1-5
The following two courses are optional:
 
BIT 188
Undergraduate Research Proposal (Active)
3
BIT 194H
Honors Thesis in Biotechnology (Active)
1-2
Areas of Specialization; choose one:
Units: 29-31
Fermentation/Microbiology Biotechnology Option
29-31
Choose one:
5-6
BIT 161A
Genetics and Biotechnology Laboratory (Active)
6
MCB 160L
Principles of Genetics Laboratory (Active)
5
Choose one:
3-4
FST 104L
Food Microbiology Laboratory (Active)
4
MIC 104L
General Microbiology Laboratory (Active)
3
Choose one:
3
MIC 115
Recombinant DNA Cloning and Analysis (Active)
3
MIC 120
Microbial Ecology (Active)
3
MIC 140
Bacterial Physiology (Active)
3
MIC 150
Genomes of Pathogenic Bacteria (Active)
3
MIC 170
Yeast Molecular Genetics (Active)
3
PLP 130
Fungal Biotechnology and Biochemistry (Active)
3
AND
 
Choose one from the previous list or below:
3
BIS 181
Comparative Genomics (Active)
3
BIS 183
Functional Genomics (Active)
3
MCB 182
Principles of Genomics (Active)
3
Restricted Electives
15
BIS 132
Introduction to Dynamic Models in Modern Biology (Active)
4
BIS 181
Comparative Genomics (Active)
3
BIS 183
Functional Genomics (Active)
3
BIT 150
Applied Bioinformatics (Active)
4
BIT 161B
Plant Genetics and Biotechnology Laboratory (Active)
4
BIT 188
Undergraduate Research Proposal (Active)
3
CHE 107A
Physical Chemistry for the Life Sciences (Active)
3
CHE 107B
Physical Chemistry for the Life Sciences (Active)
3
CHE 130A
Pharmaceutical Chemistry (Active)
3
CHE 130B
Pharmaceutical Chemistry (Active)
3
ECH 161C
Biotechnology Facility Design & Regulatory Compliance (Active)
4
ECH 161L
Bioprocess Engineering Laboratory (Active)
4
ECS 124
Theory and Practice of Bioinformatics (Active)
4
ECS 129
Computational Structural Bioinformatics (Active)
4
EVE 100
Introduction to Evolution (Active)
4
FST 102A
Malting and Brewing Science (Active)
4
FST 102B
Practical Malting and Brewing (Active)
4
FST 104
Food Microbiology (Active)
3
FST 104L
Food Microbiology Laboratory (Active)
4
FST 110
Food Processing (Active)
4
FST 115
Fermented Foods (Active)
4
FST 123
Introduction to Enzymology (Active)
3
FST 123L
Enzymology Laboratory (Active)
2
MIC 105
Microbial Diversity (Active)
3
MIC 105L
Microbial Diversity Laboratory (Active)
3
MIC 115
Recombinant DNA Cloning and Analysis (Active)
3
MIC 120
Microbial Ecology (Active)
3
MIC 140
Bacterial Physiology (Active)
3
MIC 150
Genomes of Pathogenic Bacteria (Active)
3
MIC 155L
Bacterial Physiology Lab (Active)
4
MIC 162
General Virology (Active)
4
MIC 170
Yeast Molecular Genetics (Active)
3
MCB 120L
Molecular Biology and Biochemistry Laboratory (Active)
3
MCB 164
Advanced Eukaryotic Genetics (Active)
3
MCB 182
Principles of Genomics (Active)
3
PLP 130
Fungal Biotechnology and Biochemistry (Active)
3
PLP 140
Agricultural Biotechnology and Public Policy (Active)
4
PLS 174
Microbiology and Safety of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables (Active)
3
VEN 124
Wine Production (Active)
2
VEN 124L
Wine Production Laboratory (Active)
3
VEN 128
Wine Microbiology (Active)
2
VEN 135
Wine Technology and Winery Systems (Active)
4
Plant Biotechnology Option
31
Biotechnology
13
BIT 160
Principles of Plant Biotechnology (Active)
3
BIT 161A
Genetics and Biotechnology Laboratory (Active)
6
BIT 161B
Plant Genetics and Biotechnology Laboratory (Active)
4
Microbiology
2
MIC 103L
Introductory Microbiology Laboratory (Active)
2
Molecular & Cellular Biology
3
MCB 126
Plant Biochemistry (Active)
3
Plant Science
4
PLS 152
Plant Genetics (Active)
4
Restricted Electives
9
BIS 181
Comparative Genomics (Active)
3
BIS 183
Functional Genomics (Active)
3
BIT 150
Applied Bioinformatics (Active)
4
BIT 188
Undergraduate Research Proposal (Active)
3
CHE 130A
Pharmaceutical Chemistry (Active)
3
CHE 130B
Pharmaceutical Chemistry (Active)
3
EBS 075
Properties of Materials in Biological Systems (Active)
4
EBS 289G
Selected Topics in Biological Systems Engineering; Forest Engineering (Active)
1-5
EBS 289I
Selected Topics in Biological Systems Engineering; Plant Production and Harvest (Active)
1-5
EBS 289J
Selected Topics in Biological Systems Engineering; Postharvest Engineering (Active)
1-5
ECS 124
Theory and Practice of Bioinformatics (Active)
4
ECS 129
Computational Structural Bioinformatics (Active)
4
ENT 110
Arthropod Pest Management (Active)
5
EVE 100
Introduction to Evolution (Active)
4
FST 104
Food Microbiology (Active)
3
FST 104L
Food Microbiology Laboratory (Active)
4
FST 110
Food Processing (Active)
4
FST 123
Introduction to Enzymology (Active)
3
FST 123L
Enzymology Laboratory (Active)
2
MCB 120L
Molecular Biology and Biochemistry Laboratory (Active)
3
MCB 164
Advanced Eukaryotic Genetics (Active)
3
MCB 182
Principles of Genomics (Active)
3
MIC 115
Recombinant DNA Cloning and Analysis (Active)
3
MIC 162
General Virology (Active)
4
Choose one:
2-4
NEM 100
General Plant Nematology (Active)
4
NEM 110
Introduction to Nematology (Active)
2
PLB 105
Developmental Plant Anatomy (Active)
5
PLB 111
Plant Physiology (Active)
3
PLB 112
Plant Growth and Development (Active)
3
PLB 113
Molecular and Cellular Biology of Plants (Active)
3
PLB 143
Evolution of Crop Plants (Active)
4
PLP 120
Introduction to Plant Pathology (Active)
4
PLP 123
Plant-Virus-Vector Interaction (Active)
3
PLP 130
Fungal Biotechnology and Biochemistry (Active)
3
PLP 140
Agricultural Biotechnology and Public Policy (Active)
4
PLS 100A
Metabolic Processes of Cultivated Plants (Active)
3
PLS 100AL
Metabolic Processes of Cultivated Plants Laboratory (Active)
2
PLS 100B
Growth and Yield of Cultivated Plants (Active)
3
PLS 100BL
Growth and Yield of Cultivated Plants Laboratory (Active)
2
PLS 100C
Environmental Interactions of Cultivated Plants (Active)
3
PLS 100CL
Environmental Interactions of Cultivated Plants Laboratory (Active)
2
PLS 153
Plant, Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (Active)
4
PLS 154
Introduction to Plant Breeding (Active)
4
PLS 157
Physiology of Environmental Stresses in Plants (Active)
4
PLS 158
Mineral Nutrition of Plants (Active)
4
PLS 172
Postharvest Physiology and Technology (Active)
4
PLS 173
Molecular and Cellular Aspects of Postharvest Biology (Active)
3
PLS 174
Microbiology and Safety of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables (Active)
3
Animal Biotechnology Option
30-31
Animal Genetics
4
ANG 111
Molecular Biology Laboratory Techniques (Active)
4
Animal Science
4
ANS 170
Ethics of Animal Use (Active)
4
Microbiology
2
MIC 103L
Introductory Microbiology Laboratory (Active)
2
Molecular & Cellular Biology
6-7
Choose one:
3-4
MCB 150
Developmental Biology (Active)
4
MCB 163
Developmental Genetics (Active)
3
MCB 182
Principles of Genomics (Active)
3
Neurobiology, Physiology, & Behavior
5
NPB 101
Systemic Physiology (Active)
5
Restricted Electives
9
ANG 101
Animal Cytogenetics (Active)
3
ANG 107
Genetics & Animal Breeding (Active)
5
ANS 131
Reproduction and Early Development in Aquatic Animals (Active)
4
ANS 140
Management of Laboratory Animals (Active)
4
AVS 103
Avian Development and Genomics (Active)
3
AVS 121
Avian Reproduction (Active)
2
BIS 181
Comparative Genomics (Active)
3
BIS 183
Functional Genomics (Active)
3
BIT 150
Applied Bioinformatics (Active)
4
BIT 161A
Genetics and Biotechnology Laboratory (Active)
6
BIT 161B
Plant Genetics and Biotechnology Laboratory (Active)
4
BIT 188
Undergraduate Research Proposal (Active)
3
EVE 100
Introduction to Evolution (Active)
4
EVE 102
Population and Quantitative Genetics (Active)
4
MCB 120
Molecular Biology and Biochemistry Laboratory Associated Lecture (Active)
3
MCB 160L
Principles of Genetics Laboratory (Active)
5
MCB 164
Advanced Eukaryotic Genetics (Active)
3
MCP 200L
Animal Cell Culture Laboratory (Active)
4
MIC 115
Recombinant DNA Cloning and Analysis (Active)
3
MIC 162
General Virology (Active)
4
MMI 188
Human Immunology (Active)
3
NPB 121
Physiology of Reproduction (Active)
4
NPB 121L
Physiology of Reproduction Laboratory (Active)
1
NPB 132
Nature vs. Nurture: Physiological Interactions Among Genes, Nutrients and Health (Active)
3
PLP 140
Agricultural Biotechnology and Public Policy (Active)
4
PMI 126
Fundamentals of Immunology (Active)
3
PMI 126L
Immunology Laboratory (Active)
2
PMI 127
Medical Bacteria and Fungi (Active)
3
PMI 128
Biology of Animal Viruses (Active)
3
Bioinformatics Option
29-30
Biological Science; choose one:
3
BIS 181
Comparative Genomics (Active)
3
BIS 183
Functional Genomics (Active)
3
Biotechnology
4
BIT 150
Applied Bioinformatics (Active)
4
Choose one:
4-5
BIS 180L
Genomics Laboratory (Active)
5
ECS 124
Theory and Practice of Bioinformatics (Active)
4
ECS 129
Computational Structural Bioinformatics (Active)
4
Computer Science Engineering
4
ECS 032A
Introduction to Programming (Active)
4
Microbiology
2
MIC 103L
Introductory Microbiology Laboratory (Active)
2
Molecular & Cellular Biology
3
MCB 182
Principles of Genomics (Active)
3
Restricted Electives
9
ANG 212
Sequence Analysis in Molecular Genetics (Active)
2
BIS 132
Introduction to Dynamic Models in Modern Biology (Active)
4
BIS 134
Systems Biology: From Biological Circuits to Biological Systems (Active)
2
BIS 181
Comparative Genomics (Active)
3
BIS 183
Functional Genomics (Active)
3
BIT 188
Undergraduate Research Proposal (Active)
3
EAD 289D
Special Topics in Applied Science: Biophotonics/Biotechnology (Active)
1-5
ECS 020
Discrete Mathematics For Computer Science (Active)
4
ECS 032B
Introduction to Data Structures (Active)
4
ECS 034
Software Development in UNIX and C/C++ (Active)
5
ECS 050
Computer Organization and Machine-Dependent Programming (Active)
4
ECS 122A
Algorithm Design and Analysis (Active)
4
ECS 124
Theory and Practice of Bioinformatics (Active)
4
ECS 129
Computational Structural Bioinformatics (Active)
4
ECS 140A
Programming Languages (Active)
4
ECS 150
Operating Systems and System Programming (Active)
4
ECS 154A
Computer Architecture (Active)
4
EVE 100
Introduction to Evolution (Active)
4
EVE 102
Population and Quantitative Genetics (Active)
4
EVE 103
Phylogeny, Speciation and Macroevolution (Active)
4
EVE 131
Human Genetic Variation and Evolution (Active)
3
EVE 161
Microbial Phylogenomics - Genomic Perspectives on the Diversity and Diversification of Microbes (Active)
3
MAT 124
Mathematical Biology (Active)
4
MCB 162
Human Genetics and Genomics (Active)
3
MIC 115
Recombinant DNA Cloning and Analysis (Active)
3
NPB 132
Nature vs. Nurture: Physiological Interactions Among Genes, Nutrients and Health (Active)
3
STA 130A
Mathematical Statistics: Brief Course (Active)
4
STA 130B
Mathematical Statistics: Brief Course (Active)
4
STA 131A
Introduction to Probability Theory (Active)
4
STA 131B
Introduction to Mathematical Statistics (Active)
4
STA 141A
Fundamentals of Statistical Data Science (Active)
4
Total: 114-131
Courses in BIT:
BIT 001YIntroduction to Biotechnology (4) Active
Lecture—2 hour(s); Web Virtual Lecture—1 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Principles and technologies of biotechnology as applied to agriculture, the environment, and medicine. Business plans and presentation pitches for new biotechnology products. Bioinformatics approaches exploring genomic databases and DNA manipulations in silica. (Same course as BIT 001.) (Letter.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 2014 Spring Quarter.
BIT 091Undergraduate Seminars in Biotechnology (1) Active
Seminar—1 hour(s). Undergraduate oriented seminar series focused on biotechnology research and product development. Speakers from campus and the private sectors discuss ongoing research, product development and biotechnology careers. (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
BIT 092Internship in Biotechnology (1-12) Active
Internship—3-36 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Work experience on or off campus in subject area pertaining to biotechnology or in a business, industry or agency associated with biotechnology. Internship supervised by faculty member in the animal or plant sciences. (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 1998 Fall Quarter.
BIT 098Directed Group Study (1-5) Active
Variable—1-15 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Directed group study. May be repeated for credit. (P/NP grading only.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 2016 Fall Quarter.
BIT 099Special Study for Undergraduates (1-5) Active
Independent Study—3-15 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 1998 Fall Quarter.
BIT 150Applied Bioinformatics (4) Active
Lecture—2 hour(s); Discussion/Laboratory—2 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): BIS 101; (ECS 010 or ECS 015 or PLS 021); (PLS 120 or STA 013 or STA 013Y or STA 100); or Consent of Instructor. Limited enrollment. Concepts and programs needed to apply bioinformatics in biotechnology research. Sequence analysis and annotation and use of plant and animal databases for students in biological and agricultural sciences. Two units of credit for students who have completed ECS 124. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, VL. Effective: 2018 Spring Quarter.
BIT 160Principles of Plant Biotechnology (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (BIS 001A or BIS 002A); (BIS 101 or PLS 152). Principles and concepts of plant biotechnology including recombinant DNA technology, molecular biology, genomics, cell and tissue culture, gene transfer and crop improvement strategies using transgenic crops. Not open for credit to students who have completed PLB 160. (Former course PLB 160.). (Letter.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 2008 Winter Quarter.
BIT 161AGenetics and Biotechnology Laboratory (6) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Laboratory—9 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): PLS 152 or BIS 101; and Consent of Instructor. Techniques of genetic analysis at the molecular level including recombinant DNA, gene mapping and basic computational biology. Not open for credit to students who have completed PLB 161A. (Letter.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 2010 Winter Quarter.
BIT 161BPlant Genetics and Biotechnology Laboratory (4) Active
Lecture—1 hour(s); Laboratory—8 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): PLS 152 or BIS 101; and Consent of Instructor. Advanced techniques of genetic analysis at the molecular and cellular levels, including transformation, gene expression and analysis of transgenic plants. Not open for credit to students who have taken PLB 161B. (Former course PLB 161B.). (Letter.) GE credit: SE, SL. Effective: 2011 Fall Quarter.
BIT 171Professionalism and Ethics in Genomics and Biotechnology (3) Active
Lecture—1 hour(s); Discussion—2 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Upper division standing in a natural science major. Real and hypothetical case studies to illustrate ethical issues in genomics and biotechnology. Training and practice in difficult ethical situations and evaluating personal and social consequences. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, SL, WE. Effective: 2005 Winter Quarter.
BIT 188Undergraduate Research Proposal (3) Active
Lecture/Discussion—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Upper division standing. Preparation and review of a scientific proposal. Problem definition, identification of objectives, literature survey, hypothesis generation, design of experiments, data analysis planning, proposal outline and preparation. (Same course as PLS 188.) (Letter.) GE credit: OL, SE, WE. Effective: 2009 Spring Quarter.
BIT 189LLaboratory Research in Genomics and Biotechnology (2-5) Active
Laboratory—3-12 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): BIT 188; and Consent of Instructor. Formulating experimental approaches to current questions in biotechnology; performance of proposed experiments. May be repeated up to 12 Unit(s). (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 2000 Spring Quarter.
BIT 192Internship in Biotechnology (1-12) Active
Internship—3-36 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Work experience on or off campus in a subject area pertaining to biotechnology or in a business, industry or agency associated with biotechnology. Internship supervised by faculty member in the animal or plant sciences. (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 1998 Fall Quarter.
BIT 194HHonors Thesis in Biotechnology (1-2) Active
Independent Study—3-6 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): BIT 188; BIT 189L; Consent of Instructor. Senior standing in Biotechnology with 3.250 GPA or higher. Independent study of selected topics under the direction of a member or members of the staff. Completion will involve the writing of a senior thesis. (P/NP grading only.) GE credit: SE, WE. Effective: 2016 Winter Quarter.
BIT 198Directed Group Study (1-5) Active
Variable—1-15 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Directed group study. May be repeated for credit. (P/NP grading only.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 2016 Fall Quarter.
BIT 199Special Study for Advanced Undergraduates (1-5) Active
Independent Study—3-15 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 1998 Fall Quarter.
Courses in DEB:
DEB 263Biotechnology Fundamentals and Application (2) Active
Lecture—2 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): BIS 101; BIS 102; MIC 102; or Consent of Instructor. Must be a graduate student in good standing. Fundamentals of molecular biology and chemical engineering involved in recombinant DNA technology. Topics: principles of rate processes of biological systems, optimization of bioreactors, and issues related to overexpression and production of recombinant molecules. Participation in student-directed team projects. (Letter.) Effective: 2016 Winter Quarter.
DEB 282Biotechnology Internship (7-12) Active
Internship—21-36 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing and Consent of Instructor. Open only to students participating in the Designated Emphasis in Biotechnology program. Research at a biotechnology company or interdisciplinary cross-college lab for a minimum of 3 months as part of the Designated Emphasis in Biotechnology Program. (S/U grading only.) Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
DEB 294Current Progress in Biotechnology (1) Active
Seminar—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing. Seminars presented by guest lecturers on subjects of their own research activities. May be repeated for credit. (Same course as ECH 294.) (S/U grading only.) Effective: 2018 Winter Quarter.