Wildlife, Fish, & Conservation Biology

(College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences)

Nann A. Fangue, Ph.D., Chairperson of the Department

Department Office. 1086 Academic Surge; 530-754-9796; http://wfcb.ucdavis.edu

Faculty. http://wfcb.ucdavis.edu/people/faculty/


(College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences)

Nann A. Fangue, Ph.D., Chairperson of the Department

Department Office. 1086 Academic Surge; 530-754-9796; http://wfcb.ucdavis.edu

Faculty. http://wfcb.ucdavis.edu/people/faculty/

The Major Program

The Wildlife, Fish, and Conservation Biology major deals with the relationships between the requirements of wildlife and the needs of people. Understanding these relationships is vital for the maintenance of ecological diversity, recreational resources, and food supplies. Students completing the major possess a broad knowledge of ecology and natural history, but with the quantitative skills to use this knowledge in critical thinking and decision-making.

The Program. The major emphasizes broad training in biological sciences, with specialization in one of four areas. The major is designed primarily for students interested in becoming professionals in the diverse fields of wildlife, fish, and conservation biology, including veterinary and wildlife health sciences. The breadth of course requirements, when combined with electives, also make this an excellent preparatory major for secondary school teaching. Certification by professional societies such as The Wildlife Society, American Fisheries Society, or the Ecological Society of America, or preparation for graduate studies may also be achieved by careful planning of electives with a faculty advisor.

Major Advisor. Eric Post

Students transferring to UC Davis from another institution or new students declaring the major of Wildlife, Fish, and Conservation Biology must consult the Master Advisor so that their program can be evaluated and a faculty advisor assigned. Contact the Department in 1086 Academic Surge Building or telephone 530-754-9796.

Career Alternatives. The major prepares students to excel in the dynamic fields of environmental and conservation biology, emphasizing vertebrate animals—both native and invasive—in their natural environments, as well as resolution of conflicts between humans and wild animals. Positions now held by graduates of this major include wildlife biology, fisheries biology, wildlife damage management, and resource biologists and managers with local, state, and federal agencies, biologists or consultants with private industries such as environmental consulting firms, commercial fishing businesses, electrical utilities, sporting clubs or businesses, and aquaculture operations, as well as veterinarians, medical physicians, and professors/researchers who teach and/or conduct research in academic institutions.

Written/Oral Expression
Units: 8
Completing UWP 001 and CMN 001 will simultaneously satisfy the College requirements.
 
UWP 001
Introduction to Academic Literacies (Active)
4
Choose one:
4
CMN 001
Introduction to Public Speaking (Active)
4
CMN 003
Interpersonal Communication Competence (Active)
4
DRA 010
Introduction to Acting (Active)
4
Preparatory Subject Matter
Units: 50-51
BIS 002A
Introduction to Biology: Essentials of Life on Earth (Active)
5
BIS 002B
Introduction to Biology: Principles of Ecology and Evolution (Active)
5
BIS 002C
Introduction to Biology: Biodiversity and the Tree of Life (Active)
5
CHE 002A
General Chemistry (Active)
5
CHE 002B
General Chemistry (Active)
5
CHE 008A
Organic Chemistry: Brief Course (Active)
2
CHE 008B
Organic Chemistry: Brief Course (Active)
4
MAT 016A
Short Calculus (Active)
3
MAT 016B
Short Calculus (Active)
3
PHY 001A
Principles of Physics (Active)
3
PHY 001B
Principles of Physics (Active)
3
Choose one:
4
STA 100
Applied Statistics for Biological Sciences (Active)
4
PLS 120
Applied Statistics in Agricultural Sciences (Active)
4
Choose one:
3-4
WFC 010
Wildlife Ecology and Conservation (Active)
4
WFC 050
Natural History of California's Wild Vertebrates (Active)
3
WFC 051
Introduction to Conservation Biology (Active)
3
Depth Subject Matter
Units: 45-50
Students graduating with this major are required to attain at least a C average (2.000) in all courses taken at the university in depth and area of specialization subject matter.
 
ESP 100
General Ecology (Active)
4
or
EVE 101
Introduction to Ecology (Active)
4
EVE 100
Introduction to Evolution (Active)
4
BIS 101
Genes and Gene Expression (Active)
4
WFC 121
Physiology of Fishes (Active)
4
or
WFC 130
Physiological Ecology of Wildlife (Active)
4
NPB 102
Animal Behavior (Active)
3
or
WFC 141
Behavioral Ecology (Active)
4
WFC 122
Population Dynamics and Estimation (Active)
4
WFC 154
Conservation Biology (Active)
4
Choose three lecture courses and two laboratory (L) courses:
14-15
WFC 110
Biology and Conservation of Wild Mammals (Active)
3
WFC 110L
Laboratory in Biology and Conservation of Wild Mammals (Active)
3
WFC 111
Biology and Conservation of Wild Birds (Active)
3
WFC 111L
Laboratory in Biology and Conservation of Wild Birds (Active)
3
WFC 120
Biology and Conservation of Fishes (Active)
3
WFC 120L
Laboratory in Biology and Conservation of Fishes (Active)
2
WFC 134
Herpetology (Active)
3
WFC 134L
Herpetology Laboratory (Active)
3
WFC 100
Field Methods in Wildlife, Fish, & Conservation Biology (Active)
4
or
WFC 101
Field Research in Wildlife Ecology (Active)
2
WFC 101L
Field Research in Wildlife Ecology: Laboratory (Active)
4
or
WFC 102
Field Studies in Fish Biology (Active)
1
WFC 102L
Field Studies in Fish Biology: Laboratory (Active)
6
Strongly recommended, but not required:
 
STA 104
Applied Statistical Methods: Nonparametric Statistics (Active)
4
or
STA 106
Applied Statistical Methods: Analysis of Variance (Active)
4
or
STA 108
Applied Statistical Methods: Regression Analysis (Active)
4
LDA 150
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (Active)
4
APC 100
Comparative Vertebrate Organology (Active)
4
Restricted Electives
Units: 12-24
Choose one from the four Areas of Specialization, below. No course can be used to simultaneously satisfy the Depth Subject Matter and the Area of Specialization.
 
Areas of Specialization
 
(1) Wildlife and Conservation Biology:
12-18
WFC 151
Wildlife Ecology (Active)
4
Choose one:
2-5
PLS 102
California Floristics (Active)
5
PLS 131
Identification and Ecology of Grasses (Active)
2
PLS 144
Trees and Forests (Active)
4
PLS 147
California Plant Communities (Active)
3
and
PLS 147L
California Plant Communities Field Study (Active)
1
PLS 178
Biology and Management of Aquatic Plants (Active)
3
PLB 102
California Floristics (Active)
5
PLB 108
Systematics and Evolution of Angiosperms (Active)
5
PLB 117
Plant Ecology (Active)
4
PLB 119
Population Biology of Invasive Plants and Weeds (Active)
3
PLB 148
Introductory Mycology (Active)
4
Choose two:
6-9
WFC 110
Biology and Conservation of Wild Mammals (Active)
3
WFC 111
Biology and Conservation of Wild Birds (Active)
3
WFC 120
Biology and Conservation of Fishes (Active)
3
WFC 134
Herpetology (Active)
3
WFC 136
Ecology of Waterfowl and Game Birds (Active)
4
WFC 152
Ecology of Human-Wildlife Conflicts (Active)
3
WFC 155
Habitat Conservation and Restoration (Active)
3
and
WFC 155L
Habitat Conservation and Restoration Laboratory (Active)
2
WFC 156
Plant Geography (Active)
4
WFC 157
Coastal Ecosystems (Active)
4
WFC 160
Animal Coloration (Active)
3
Note: Students interested in certification as a Wildlife Biologist from The Wildlife Society should consider additional courses in plant sciences.
 
(2) Fish Biology:
12-18
WFC 120
Biology and Conservation of Fishes (Active)
3
WFC 120L
Laboratory in Biology and Conservation of Fishes (Active)
2
Choose one:
3-5
ENT 116
Freshwater Macroinvertebrates (Active)
3
EVE 112
Biology of Invertebrates (Active)
3
and
EVE 112L
Biology of Invertebrates Laboratory (Active)
2
or
EVE 114
Experimental Invertebrate Biology (Active)
3
Choose three courses including at least one course from each of the following two groups:
 
(a) Aquatic Systems
3-5
ANS 118
Fish Production (Active)
4
ESP 116N
Oceanography (Active)
3
ESP 150C
Biological Oceanography (Active)
4
ESP 151
Limnology (Active)
4
ESP 151L
Limnology Laboratory (Active)
3
ESP 152
Coastal Oceanography (Active)
3
ESP 155
Wetland Ecology (Active)
4
EVE 115
Marine Ecology (Active)
4
ESM 100
Principles of Hydrologic Science (Active)
4
HYD 143
Ecohydrology (Active)
4
WFC 144
Marine Conservation Science (Active)
4
WFC 155
Habitat Conservation and Restoration (Active)
3
and
WFC 155L
Habitat Conservation and Restoration Laboratory (Active)
2
WFC 157
Coastal Ecosystems (Active)
4
WFC 160
Animal Coloration (Active)
3
(b) Water Policy/Law
3-4
HYD 150
Water Law (Active)
3
ESP 161
Environmental Law (Active)
4
ESP 162
Environmental Policy (Active)
4
ESP 166
Ocean and Coastal Policy (Active)
3
ESP 169
Water Policy and Politics (Active)
3
(3) Wildlife Health:
16-24
WFC 151
Wildlife Ecology (Active)
4
Choose two:
6-10
BIS 102
Structure and Function of Biomolecules (Active)
3
BIS 103
Bioenergetics and Metabolism (Active)
3
or
ABI 102
Animal Biochemistry and Metabolism (Active)
5
ABI 103
Animal Biochemistry and Metabolism (Active)
5
Choose one:
3-5
WFC 110
Biology and Conservation of Wild Mammals (Active)
3
WFC 111
Biology and Conservation of Wild Birds (Active)
3
WFC 120
Biology and Conservation of Fishes (Active)
3
WFC 134
Herpetology (Active)
3
WFC 136
Ecology of Waterfowl and Game Birds (Active)
4
WFC 141
Behavioral Ecology (Active)
4
WFC 144
Marine Conservation Science (Active)
4
WFC 152
Ecology of Human-Wildlife Conflicts (Active)
3
WFC 155
Habitat Conservation and Restoration (Active)
3
and
WFC 155L
Habitat Conservation and Restoration Laboratory (Active)
2
WFC 160
Animal Coloration (Active)
3
Choose one:
3-5
ANS 103
Animal Welfare (Active)
4
ANS 104
Principles and Applications of Domestic Animal Behavior (Active)
4
ANS 170
Ethics of Animal Use (Active)
4
APC 100
Comparative Vertebrate Organology (Active)
4
MIC 101
Introductory Microbiology (Active)
5
MCB 150
Developmental Biology (Active)
4
NPB 101
Systemic Physiology (Active)
5
NPB 140
Principles of Environmental Physiology (Active)
3
VME 158
Infectious Disease in Ecology and Conservation (Active)
3
MIC 102
Introductory Microbiology (Active)
3
MIC 103L
Introductory Microbiology Laboratory (Active)
2
Note that this AOS recommends additional preparatory courses; prerequisites for admission to Veterinary Medicine vary among schools and students should confirm the specific requirements of the school(s) to which they wish to apply.
 
Additional Preparatory (recommended, not required):
 
CHE 002C
General Chemistry (Active)
5
CHE 118A
Organic Chemistry for Health and Life Sciences (Active)
4
CHE 118B
Organic Chemistry for Health and Life Sciences (Active)
4
CHE 118C
Organic Chemistry for Health and Life Sciences (Active)
4
PHY 007A
General Physics (Active)
4
PHY 007B
General Physics (Active)
4
PHY 007C
General Physics (Active)
4
(4) Individualized:
 
Students may, with prior approval of their adviser and the curriculum committee, design their own individualized specialization within the major. The specialization will consist of at least four upper division courses with a common theme.
 
Total: 115-133

(College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences)

Nann A. Fangue, Ph.D., Chairperson of the Department

Department Office. 1086 Academic Surge; 530-754-9796; http://wfcb.ucdavis.edu

Faculty. http://wfcb.ucdavis.edu/people/faculty/

The minor in Wildlife, Fish, and Conservation Biology is designed for students interested in basic training and understanding of the ecology and conservation of wild terrestrial and aquatic vertebrates, emphasizing birds, mammals, amphibians, reptiles, and fish, but with relevance and application to all life forms.

Minor Advisor. Eric Post

Minor Requirements
Units: 20-31
WFC 100
Field Methods in Wildlife, Fish, & Conservation Biology (Active)
4
WFC 151
Wildlife Ecology (Active)
4
WFC 154
Conservation Biology (Active)
4
Choose one:
3
WFC 110
Biology and Conservation of Wild Mammals (Active)
3
WFC 111
Biology and Conservation of Wild Birds (Active)
3
WFC 120
Biology and Conservation of Fishes (Active)
3
WFC 134
Herpetology (Active)
3
Two-four upper division elective courses chosen from the Wildlife, Fish, and Conservation Biology curriculum; excluding:
5-16
WFC 190
Departmental Research Seminar (Active)
1
WFC 191
Museum Science (Active)
2
WFC 192
Internship (Active)
1-12
WFC 195
Field and Laboratory Research (Active)
3
WFC 197T
Tutoring in Wildlife and Fisheries (Active)
1-5
WFC 198
Directed Group Study (Active)
1-5
WFC 199
Special Study for Advanced Undergraduates (Active)
1-5
Total: 20-31
Courses in WFC:
WFC 010Wildlife Ecology and Conservation (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Introduction to the ecology and conservation of vertebrates. Complexity and severity of world problems in conserving biological diversity. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, SL, WE. Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
WFC 011Introduction to Conservation Biology (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Introduction to conservation biology and background to the biological issues and controversies surrounding loss of species and habitats for students with no background in biological sciences. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, SL. Effective: 2003 Spring Quarter.
WFC 050Natural History of California's Wild Vertebrates (3) Active
Lecture—2 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Examination of the natural history of California's wild vertebrates (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals), including their biogeography, systematics, ecology and conservation status. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, SL, WE. Effective: 2009 Winter Quarter.
WFC 051Introduction to Conservation Biology (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Introduction to conservation biology including both biological and social issues related to the loss of species and habitats. Intended for students with no background in biological sciences. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, SL. Effective: 2017 Spring Quarter.
WFC 092Internship (1-6) Active
Internship—3-18 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Lower division standing. Work experience off and on campus in all subject areas offered in the department. Internships supervised by a member of the faculty. (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
WFC 099Special Study for Undergraduates (1-5) Active
Variable—1-5 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Special study for undergraduates. (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 2010 Winter Quarter.
WFC 100Field Methods in Wildlife, Fish, & Conservation Biology (4) Active
Lecture—2 hour(s); Laboratory—3 hour(s); Fieldwork—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): EVE 101 (can be concurrent) or ESP 100 (can be concurrent); (BIS 002A, BIS 002B, BIS 002C); and Consent of Instructor. Or equivalent course of EVE 101 or ESP 100 (can be taken concurrently). Introduction to field methods for monitoring and studying wild vertebrates and their habitats, with an emphasis on ecology and conservation. Required weekend field trips. (Letter.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 2017 Spring Quarter.
WFC 101Field Research in Wildlife Ecology (2) Active
Lecture/Discussion—2 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. One upper division course in each of ecology, statistics, and either ornithology, mammalogy, or herpetology. Field research in ecology of wild vertebrates in terrestrial environments; formulation of testable hypotheses, study design, introduction to research methodology, oral and written presentation of results. Limited enrollment. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, VL, WE. Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
WFC 101LField Research in Wildlife Ecology: Laboratory (4) Active
Lecture/Discussion—2 hour(s); Fieldwork—15 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): WFC 101 (can be concurrent); and Consent of Instructor. Limited enrollment. Field research in ecology of wild vertebrates in terrestrial environments; testing ecological hypotheses through field research, application of research methodology, supervised independent research projects. Held between Labor Day and fall quarter. (Letter.) Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
WFC 102Field Studies in Fish Biology (1) Active
Lecture/Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Upper division course in each of ecology, aquatic biology, fish biology, and statistics. Emphasis on theory of quantitative fish capture methods and design of individual research projects on ecology, behavior, physiology or population biology of fishes. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
WFC 102LField Studies in Fish Biology: Laboratory (6) Active
Fieldwork—15 hour(s); Laboratory—12 hour(s); Discussion/Laboratory—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): WFC 102 (can be concurrent); and Consent of Instructor. Field investigations of fish biology are emphasized including quantitative capture methods and individual research projects on ecology, behavior, physiology or population biology of fishes at the field site in relation to their habitats. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, WE. Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
WFC 103Applied Statistics for Wildlife Research (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Laboratory—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (MAT 016B or MAT 017B or MAT 021B); (WFC 010 or WFC 050); or Consent of Instructor. Introduction to basic statistical concepts and methods as tools for fish and wildlife research. Application of general guiding principles of developing research questions and projects, basic probability theory, statistical estimation (correlation, regression, ANOVA, Chi-square test) and hypothesis testing. Introduction of some specialized analytical techniques, such as population dynamics modeling and time series analysis. Only two units credit allowed to students who have completed courses STA 013, STA 100, or PLS 120. (Letter.) Effective: 2018 Fall Quarter.
WFC 110Biology and Conservation of Wild Mammals (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (BIS 002A, BIS 002B, BIS 002C); (EVE 101 (can be concurrent) or ESP 100 (can be concurrent)); Or equivalent course to ESP 100 or EVE 101. Origins, evolution, diversification, and geographical and ecological distributions of mammals. Morphological, physiological, reproductive, and behavioral adaptations of mammals to their environment. (Letter.) Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
WFC 110LLaboratory in Biology and Conservation of Wild Mammals (3) Active
Laboratory—6 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): WFC 110 (can be concurrent); and Consent of Instructor. Limited enrollment. Laboratory exercises in the morphology, systematics, species identification, anatomy, and adaptations of wild mammals to different habitats. (Letter.) Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
WFC 111Biology and Conservation of Wild Birds (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): BIS 002A; BIS 002B; BIS 002C; Upper division ecology course recommended. Phylogeny, distribution, migration, reproduction, population dynamics, behavior and physiological ecology of wild birds. Emphasis on adaptations to environments, species interactions, management, and conservation. (Letter.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
WFC 111LLaboratory in Biology and Conservation of Wild Birds (3) Active
Laboratory—6 hour(s); Fieldwork—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): WFC 111 (can be concurrent); and Consent of Instructor. Limited enrollment. Laboratory exercises in bird species identification, anatomy, molts, age and sex, specialized adaptations, behavior, research, with emphasis on conservation of wild birds. Several weekend field trips, after class bird walks, and independent bird study are required. Limited enrollment. (Letter.) Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
WFC 120Biology and Conservation of Fishes (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): BIS 002A; BIS 002B; BIS 002C; Upper division ecology course recommended. Evolution, ecology, and conservation of marine and freshwater fishes. (Letter.) Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
WFC 120LLaboratory in Biology and Conservation of Fishes (2) Active
Laboratory—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): WFC 120 (can be concurrent); and Consent of Instructor. Limited enrollment. Morphology, taxonomy, conservation, and identification of marine and freshwater fishes with emphasis on California species. (Letter.) Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
WFC 121Physiology of Fishes (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Laboratory—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Upper division courses in nutrition and physiology or consent of instructor. Comparative physiology, growth, reproduction, behavior, and energy relations of fishes. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, WE. Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
WFC 122Population Dynamics and Estimation (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Laboratory—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (MAT 016A, MAT 016B); (STA 013 or STA 013Y); (BIS 002A, BIS 002B, BIS 002C); Or the equivalent of STA 013; an upper division course in ecology. Description of bird, mammal and fish population dynamics, modeling philosophy, techniques for estimation of animal abundance (e.g., mark-recapture, change-inratio, etc.), mathematical models of populations (e.g., Leslie matrix, logistic, dynamic pool, stockrecruitment); case histories. (Letter.) Effective: 2018 Spring Quarter.
WFC 130Physiological Ecology of Wildlife (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): EVE 101 or ESP 100; (BIS 002A, BIS 002B, BIS 002C); Or equivalent course to ESP 100. Principles of physiological ecology, emphasizing vertebrates. Ecological, evolutionary, and behavioral perspectives on physiological mechanisms used by animals to adapt to their environment, including consideration of climate-change and other threats to biodiversity. Tropical, temperate, and polar ecosystems are highlighted. (Letter.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
WFC 134Herpetology (3) Active
Lecture—2 hour(s); Term Paper. Prerequisite(s): BIS 002A; BIS 002B; BIS 002C; Upper division ecology course recommended. Evolution and ecology of the world’s diverse reptiles and amphibians. Emphasis on adaptations to environments, species interactions, management, and conservation. (Letter.) Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
WFC 134LHerpetology Laboratory (3) Active
Laboratory—6 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): WFC 134 (can be concurrent); and Consent of Instructor. Diagnostic characteristics and functional attributes of amphibians and reptiles, emphasizing ecological, bio-geographic and phylogenetic patterns. Field experience with common species of reptiles and amphibians in the Davis area. (Letter.) Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
WFC 136Ecology of Waterfowl and Game Birds (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Laboratory—3 hour(s); Fieldwork—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): WFC 111; or Consent of Instructor. WFC 111L strongly recommended. Detailed examination of distribution, behavior, population dynamics, and management of waterfowl and upland game birds. (Letter.) Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
WFC 141Behavioral Ecology (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Film Viewing—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): EVE 101 or ESP 100 (can be concurrent); (BIS 002A, BIS 002B, BIS 002C); Or equivalent course. Basic theories underlying the functional and evolutionary significance of behavior, and the role of ecological constraints. Supporting empirical evidence taken mainly from studies of wild vertebrates. (Letter.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
WFC 144Marine Conservation Science (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Course in introductory ecology. Class size limited to 30 students. Key differences between marine and terrestrial ecosystems, major stressors of marine ecosystems (e.g., fisheries, pollution, bioinvasions, climate change and habitat destruction) and their consequences. Laws and agencies responsible for addressing problems, and the policies used. (Letter.) Effective: 2015 Fall Quarter.
WFC 150Urban Wildlife Ecology (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): BIS 002A; BIS 002B; BIS 002C; Or the equivalent. Introduction to the behavior, ecology, and evolution of wild animals in urban environments. Effects of urbanization on disease, fitness, and dynamics of animal populations. Conservation and conflict management efforts in urban settings. (Letter.) Effective: 2014 Spring Quarter.
WFC 151Wildlife Ecology (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): BIS 002B; Or equivalent. Ecology of wild vertebrates, including habitat selection, spatial organization, demography, population dynamics, competition, predation, herbivory, energetics, and community dynamics, set in the context of human-caused degradation of environments in North America. (Letter.) Effective: 2015 Fall Quarter.
WFC 152Ecology of Human-Wildlife Conflicts (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): BIS 002B; Or equivalent. Ecological approaches to managing wild vertebrates that come into conflict with agriculture, public health, or the conservation of biodiversity. (Letter.) Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
WFC 153Wildlife Ecotoxicology (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Introductory courses in organic chemistry, ecology, and physiology, or consent of instructor; ETX 101 recommended. Various forms of environmental pollution in relation to fish and wildlife, the effects and mechanisms of pollutants, effects on individuals and systems, laboratory and field ecotoxicology, examples/case histories, philosophical/management considerations. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, WE. Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
WFC 154Conservation Biology (4) Review all entries Historical
Lecture—3 hour(s); Term Paper. Prerequisite(s): EVE 101 or ESP 100 (can be concurrent); (BIS 002A, BIS 002B, BIS 002C); Or the equivalent. Introduction to conservation biology and background to the biological issues and controversies surrounding loss of species and habitats. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, WE. Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
WFC 154Conservation Biology (4) Review all entries Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (EVE 101 (can be concurrent) or ESP 100 (can be concurrent)); (BIS 002A, BIS 002B, BIS 002C); Or the equivalent. Introduction to conservation biology and background to the biological issues and controversies surrounding loss of species and habitats. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
WFC 155Habitat Conservation and Restoration (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): EVE 101 or ESP 100; Or the equivalent of ESP 100 or EVE 101; WFC 154 and ENH 160 recommended. Analysis of the characteristics of wildlife and fish habitats, the conservation of habitats, and restoration. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, VL, WE. Effective: 2009 Winter Quarter.
WFC 155LHabitat Conservation and Restoration Laboratory (2) Active
Fieldwork—3 hour(s); Laboratory—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (EVE 101 or ESP 100); WFC 155 (can be concurrent); Or the equivalent of ESP 100 or EVE 101. Analysis of the characteristics of wildlife and fish habitats, application of restoration methods, and evaluation of conservation and restoration projects in the field. Students will also participate during the term in a restoration project. (Letter.) Effective: 2009 Winter Quarter.
WFC 156Plant Geography (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Laboratory—3 hour(s); Term Paper. Prerequisite(s): ESP 100 or EVE 101; PLB 102 or PLB 108 strongly recommended. Survey of the geographical distribution of vegetation types and habitats, with consideration of the environmental and historical factors that determine these patterns. Conservation and management approaches. Analytical field and lab techniques introduced. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, VL, WE. Effective: 1997 Fall Quarter.
WFC 157Coastal Ecosystems (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Laboratory—3 hour(s); Fieldwork—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): EVE 101; And course work in organismal biology, physical geography, and geology recommended. Overview of coastal ecosystems, physical and biological elements and processes, and coastal zone dynamics, including sandy, rocky and muddy shorelines, estuaries, dunes and coastal watersheds. Discussion of the role of historical factors and conservation, restoration, and management approaches. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, VL. Effective: 1997 Fall Quarter.
WFC 158Infectious disease in ecology and conservation (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): EVE 101 or ESP 100 or VET 409; Or the equivalent. Introduction to the dynamics and control of infectious disease in wildlife, including zoonotic diseases and those threatening endangered species. Basic epidemiological models and their applications. Role of scientists in developing disease control policies. (Letter.) Effective: 2004 Spring Quarter.
WFC 160Animal Coloration (3) Review all entries Historical
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): BIS 002A; BIS 002B; BIS 002C. Evolutionary and ecological significance of coloration in mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, cephalopods, crustaceans, spiders, insects, humans as well as color in fashion, plants and the military. Topics include history, protective coloration, warning coloration, mimicry, sexual dichromatism and color change. (Letter.) Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
WFC 160Animal Coloration (3) Review all entries Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): BIS 002A; BIS 002B; BIS 002C. Evolutionary and ecological significance of coloration in mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, cephalopods, crustaceans, spiders, insects, humans as well as color in fashion, plants and the military. Topics include history, protective coloration, warning coloration, mimicry, sexual dichromatism and color change. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
WFC 190Departmental Research Seminar (1) Active
Seminar—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Upper division standing in the Biological Sciences. Reports and discussions of recent advances related to wildlife and fisheries biology. May be repeated up to 3 Time(s). (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 2001 Fall Quarter.
WFC 191Museum Science (2) Active
Lecture—1 hour(s); Laboratory—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Upper division standing. Principles and methods required to preserve and present biological specimens for research, teaching collections, and museums. (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
WFC 192Internship (1-12) Active
Internship—3-36 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Completion of 84 units. Work experience off and on campus in all subject areas offered in the department. Internships supervised by a member of the faculty. (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
WFC 195Field and Laboratory Research (3) Active
Laboratory—6 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (WFC 110L or WFC 111L or WFC 120L); (WFC 121 or WFC 130); EVE 101; and Consent of Instructor. Or the equivalent of EVE 101. Critique and practice of research methods applied to field and/or laboratory environments of wild vertebrates. Students work independently or in small groups to design experimental protocol, analyze data, and report their findings. May be repeated twice for credit. May be repeated up to 2 Time(s). (Letter.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
WFC 197TTutoring in Wildlife and Fisheries (1-5) Active
Variable. Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Major in Wildlife, Fish, and Conservation Biology. Experience in teaching under guidance of faculty member. (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
WFC 198Directed Group Study (1-5) Active
Variable. (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
WFC 199Special Study for Advanced Undergraduates (1-5) Active
Variable. (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
WFC 223Conservation Biology and Animal Behavior (3) Active
Lecture—1.5 hour(s); Discussion—1.5 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECL 208 or ANB 221; and Consent of Instructor. Influences of concepts of animal behavior (functional, evolutionary, developmental, mechanistic, and methodological issues) on conservation biology theory and practice. (Letter.) Effective: 2003 Spring Quarter.
WFC 230Advanced Physiological Ecology of Wildlife (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Advanced principles of physiological ecology. Ecological, evolutionary and behavioral perspectives on physiological mechanisms used by animals to adapt to their environment in the context of climate change and other threats to biodiversity. Primary literature will form the basis of discussion. (Letter.) Effective: 2015 Winter Quarter.
WFC 262Advanced Population Dynamics (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing; advanced course in ecology (e.g., Evolution and Ecology 101), population dynamics (e.g., course 122), and one year of calculus; familiarity with matrix algebra and partial differential equations recommended. Logical basis for population models, evaluation of simple ecological models, current population models with age, size, and stage structure, theoretical basis for management and exemplary case histories. Emphasis on development and use of realistic population models in ecological research. (Same course as ECL 262.) (Letter.) Effective: 2016 Spring Quarter.
WFC 290Seminar (1-3) Active
Seminar—1-3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Seminar devoted to a highly specific research topic in any area of wildlife or fisheries biology. Special topic selected for a quarter will vary depending on interests of instructor and students. (S/U grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
WFC 290CResearch Group Conference (1) Active
Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Weekly conference on research problems, progress and techniques in wildlife and fishery sciences. May be repeated for credit. May be repeated for credit. (S/U grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
WFC 291Seminar in Aquatic Ecology (2) Active
Seminar—2 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing in Biology. Presentation and analysis of assigned topics in aquatic ecology emphasizing fish, fisheries and aquatic conservation. (S/U grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
WFC 292Physiology of Fishes Seminar (1) Active
Seminar—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Graduate standing and at least two courses in physiology. Seminar devoted to current topics concerning the physiological functioning of fishes. May be repeated twice for credit. May be repeated up to 2 Time(s). (S/U grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
WFC 294Seminar in Behavioral Ecology of Predators and Prey (3) Active
Seminar—2 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing. Presentation and analysis of research papers on social and foraging behavior of predatory animals, antipredator strategies of prey species, co-evolution of predators and prey, and ecology of predator prey interactions. May be repeated up to 2 Time(s). (Same course as ANB 294.) (Letter.) Effective: 2003 Winter Quarter.
WFC 295Seminar in Wildlife Ecotoxicology (3) Active
Seminar—2 hour(s); Term Paper. Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing in Biology. Presentation and analysis of assigned and searched research papers on transport, exposure, and effects of environmental contaminants on wildlife-associated ecosystem components, especially at individual/population levels. Specific subjects vary each offering. (S/U grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
WFC 297TSupervised Teaching in Wildlife and Fisheries Biology (1-3) Active
Tutorial—3-9 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Meet qualifications for teaching assistant; graduate standing. Tutoring and teaching students in undergraduate courses in Wildlife, Fish, and Conservation Biology. Weekly conferences with instructor; evaluations of teaching; preparing for and conducting demonstrations, laboratories, and discussions; preparing and grading examinations. May be repeated up to 6 Unit(s) when a different course is tutored. (S/U grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
WFC 298Group Study (1-5) Active
Variable. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
WFC 299Research (1-12) Active
Variable. (S/U grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.