Environmental Toxicology

(College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences)

Robert H. Rice, Ph.D., Chairperson of the Department

Department Office. 4138 Meyer Hall; 530-752-1142; http://etox.ucdavis.edu

Faculty. http://etox.ucdavis.edu/directory/faculty/

(College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences)

Robert H. Rice, Ph.D., Chairperson of the Department

Department Office. 4138 Meyer Hall; 530-752-1142; http://etox.ucdavis.edu

Faculty. http://etox.ucdavis.edu/directory/faculty/

The Major Program

Toxic agents in the environment include pesticides, food additives, industrial waste, and metals as well as chemicals produced by animals, plants, fungi and bacteria. Students in the Environmental Toxicology major learn how toxicants produce adverse effects by understanding their environmental fates and biological activities. They learn about monitoring concentrations and the distribution and persistence of agents found in water, soil, air and foods. Toxicity testing procedures and exposure assessments are used to help evaluate potential for harm to humans and other species. By understanding the cellular targets and biochemical mechanisms of perturbation by toxicants, toxicologists can better estimate adverse effects. Overall, students learn mechanisms by which toxic agents act, their origin and fate and how toxicologists evaluate the risk of adverse effects and balance them against the benefits.

The Program. Preparatory courses in biology, chemistry, mathematics, and physics are required to provide fundamental principles that underlie toxicology. Students in the major are expected to understand the environmental fates and biological activities of different classes of toxic substances, and the legislative issues that arise from chemical use. Opportunities are available to develop in-depth understanding in areas of emphasis through selection of electives.

Emphases. Elective course work in many disciplines can complement the required core courses. Providing a framework for selecting restricted electives, the major offers specializations in (1) Ecotoxicology and Environmental Chemistry, (2) Forensic Science and Regulatory Toxicology, and (3) Molecular and Biomedical Toxicology. The first category includes topics in chemical fate, transport and degradation, as well as ecology, wildlife, and aquatic toxicology. The second category includes forensic science, environmental policy and management, and public health. The third category includes pharmacology, biotechnology, medicine, veterinary medicine, and food toxicology. Students are encouraged to select course work from these Emphases and beyond to match their interests.

Internships and Career Alternatives. Occupations that use environmental toxicology include risk assessment, pharmaceutical development, food additive toxicity testing, managing regulatory compliance, residue or forensic analysis, pest control, monitoring and field sampling, industrial hygiene, and environmental health and safety. A substantial proportion of graduates elect to pursue advanced training in graduate or professional schools. Others with the B.S. degree go on to law, medical, pharmacy, or veterinary medical school, as well as to graduate programs in pharmacology, toxicology, agricultural and environmental chemistry, or public health. During undergraduate study, optional internships or research projects are recommended to provide training and work experience to help students pursue future goals.

Major Advisor. Matthew Wood

Advising Center for the major is in 4111 Meyer Hall. Contact the Academic Program Advisor at 530-752-1042.

Preparatory Subject Matter
Units: 72-74
BIS 002A
Introduction to Biology: Essentials of Life on Earth (Active)
5
BIS 002B
Introduction to Biology: Principles of Ecology and Evolution (Active)
5
BIS 002C
Introduction to Biology: Biodiversity and the Tree of Life (Active)
5
CHE 002A
General Chemistry (Active)
5
CHE 002B
General Chemistry (Active)
5
CHE 002C
General Chemistry (Active)
5
or
CHE 002AH
Honors General Chemistry (Active)
5
CHE 002BH
Honors General Chemistry (Active)
5
CHE 002CH
Honors General Chemistry (Active)
5
or
CHE 003A
Chemistry for Life Sciences: Determining Structure and Predicting Properties (Active)
5
CHE 003B
Chemistry for Life Sciences: Predicting and Characterizing Chemical Change (Active)
5
CHE 003C
Chemistry for Life Sciences: Controlling Processes and Synthetic Pathways (Active)
5
CHE 118A
Organic Chemistry for Health and Life Sciences (Active)
4
CHE 118B
Organic Chemistry for Health and Life Sciences (Active)
4
CHE 118C
Organic Chemistry for Health and Life Sciences (Active)
4
or
CHE 128A
Organic Chemistry (Active)
3
CHE 128B
Organic Chemistry (Active)
3
CHE 128C
Organic Chemistry (Active)
3
CHE 129A
Organic Chemistry Laboratory (Active)
2
or
CHE 103A
Chemistry for Life Sciences: Determining Organic Structures and Properties (Active)
5
CHE 103B
Chemistry for Life Sciences: Predicting and Controlling Organic Pathways (Active)
5
MAT 017A
Calculus for Biology and Medicine (Active)
4
MAT 017B
Calculus for Biology and Medicine (Active)
4
MAT 017C
Calculus for Biology and Medicine (Active)
4
or
MAT 021A
Calculus (Active)
4
MAT 021B
Calculus (Active)
4
MAT 021C
Calculus (Active)
4
PHY 007A
General Physics (Active)
4
PHY 007B
General Physics (Active)
4
PHY 007C
General Physics (Active)
4
Choose one:
4
STA 100
Applied Statistics for Biological Sciences (Active)
4
STA 102
Introduction to Probability Modeling and Statistical Inference (Discontinued)
4
STA 103
Applied Statistics for Business and Economics (Active)
4
STA 104
Applied Statistical Methods: Nonparametric Statistics (Active)
4
STA 106
Applied Statistical Methods: Analysis of Variance (Active)
4
STA 108
Applied Statistical Methods: Regression Analysis (Active)
4
Upper Division Writing
4
Preferably, the course should be taken prior to enrollment in Environmental Toxicology 102B and 103B.
 
UWP 101
Advanced Composition (Active)
4
UWP 104A
Writing in the Professions: Business Writing (Active)
4
UWP 104B
Writing in the Professions: Law (Active)
4
UWP 104C
Writing in the Professions: Journalism (Active)
4
UWP 104D
Writing in the Professions: Elementary and Secondary Education (Active)
4
UWP 104E
Writing in the Professions: Science (Active)
4
UWP 104F
Writing in the Professions: Health (Active)
4
UWP 104G (Nonexistent)
 
UWP 104H (Nonexistent)
 
UWP 104I
Writing in the Professions: Internships (Active)
4
Satisfaction of the General Education requirement to include courses selected with advisor's approval to complement the major; courses in agricultural economics, environmental studies, political science, psychology, and sociology are particularly recommended.
 
Depth Subject Matter
Units: 34-39
BIS 101
Genes and Gene Expression (Active)
4
BIS 102
Structure and Function of Biomolecules (Active)
3
or
BIS 102
Structure and Function of Biomolecules (Active)
3
BIS 103
Bioenergetics and Metabolism (Active)
3
ETX 101
Principles of Environmental Toxicology (Active)
4
ETX 102A
Environmental Fate of Toxicants (Active)
4
ETX 102B
Quantitative Analysis of Environmental Toxicants (Active)
5
ETX 103A
Biological Effects of Toxicants (Active)
4
ETX 103B
Biological Effects of Toxicants: Experimental Approaches (Active)
5
Choose ETX 127 or two others:
6-10
ETX 104
Environmental and Nutritional Factors in Cellular Regulation and Nutritional Toxicants (Active)
4
ETX 120
Perspectives in Aquatic Toxicology (Active)
4
ETX 127
Environmental Stress and Development in Marine Organisms (Active)
10
ETX 128
Food Toxicology (Active)
3
ETX 130
The Role and Applications of Toxicology in Modern Industry (Active)
3
ETX 131
Environmental Toxicology of Air Pollutants (Active)
3
ETX 135
Health Risk Assessment of Toxicants (Active)
3
ETX 138
Legal Aspects of Environmental Toxicology (Active)
3
ETX 146
Exposure and Dose Assessment (Active)
3
Restricted Electives; 3-4 courses
Units: 12-16
Electives selected for area of Emphasis with faculty advisor's approval with six unit combined maximum of 190, 192, 198, and 199 with advisor approval; see department website for details.
 
Total: 118-129

(College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences)

Robert H. Rice, Ph.D., Chairperson of the Department

Department Office. 4138 Meyer Hall; 530-752-1142; http://etox.ucdavis.edu

Faculty. http://etox.ucdavis.edu/directory/faculty/

Environmental Toxicology explores the effects of toxicants (both human made and naturally occurring) on the normal biochemical, cellular, and physiological functioning of biological systems. The minor will complement your course of study by enhancing your appreciation of the complexity and resiliency of biological systems when challenged by chemical agents and the fate and impact of chemicals in the environment. The science underlying a variety of current environmental issues is presented.

Minor Advisor. Qi Zhang

Advising Center for the major and minor is in 4111 Meyer Hall. Contact the Academic Program Advisor at 530-752-1042.


Environmental Toxicology
Units: 18-26
ETX 101
Principles of Environmental Toxicology (Active)
4
ETX 102A
Environmental Fate of Toxicants (Active)
4
ETX 103A
Biological Effects of Toxicants (Active)
4
Choose two; six units minimum:
6-14
ETX 104
Environmental and Nutritional Factors in Cellular Regulation and Nutritional Toxicants (Active)
4
ETX 120
Perspectives in Aquatic Toxicology (Active)
4
ETX 127
Environmental Stress and Development in Marine Organisms (Active)
10
ETX 128
Food Toxicology (Active)
3
ETX 130
The Role and Applications of Toxicology in Modern Industry (Active)
3
ETX 131
Environmental Toxicology of Air Pollutants (Active)
3
ETX 135
Health Risk Assessment of Toxicants (Active)
3
ETX 138
Legal Aspects of Environmental Toxicology (Active)
3
ETX 146
Exposure and Dose Assessment (Active)
3
Total: 18-26
Courses in ETX:
ETX 010Introduction to Environmental Toxicology (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Hazardous substances, their effects on humans and their actions and movement in the environment. Emphasis on substances of current concern. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, SL. Effective: 2000 Fall Quarter.
ETX 020Introduction to Forensic Science (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Basic principles of forensic science, types of information on which investigations focus, how information is obtained and used in criminal investigations, types of scientific skills required to practice forensic science, guidance on training. Real cases discussed; demonstrations of methods provided. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, SL, VL. Effective: 2012 Spring Quarter.
ETX 030Chemical and Drug Use and Abuse (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). An overview of chemical use and abuse in our society. The effects of chemicals (therapeutic drugs, pesticides, food additives, herbal remedies, environmental contaminants, and recreational drugs) on humans and other living systems. (Letter.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 2006 Winter Quarter.
ETX 092Internship (1-12) Active
Internship—3-36 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Lower division standing. Work experience off and on campus in all subject areas offered in the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. Internships supervised by a member of the faculty. (P/NP grading only.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 099Special Study for Undergraduates (1-5) Active
Variable. Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. (P/NP grading only.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 101Principles of Environmental Toxicology (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (CHE 008B or CHE 118B or CHE 128B); BIS 001A. Principles of toxicology with a focus on environmental, industrial, and natural chemicals. Topics include fate and effects of chemicals in organisms and the environment, air pollutants, insecticides, aquatic toxicology, endocrine disruptors, biomarkers and bioassays, and risk assessment. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, SL. Effective: 2003 Fall Quarter.
ETX 102AEnvironmental Fate of Toxicants (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): CHE 008B; CHE 118B; CHE 128B; or Consent of Instructor. Properties of toxic chemicals influencing their distribution and transformations; action of environmental forces affecting toxicant breakdown, movement, and accumulation; sources and occurrence of major classes of environmental toxicants. Not open for credit to students who have completed ETX 112A. (Letter.) GE credit: QL, SE, SL, VL, WE. Effective: 2004 Winter Quarter.
ETX 102BQuantitative Analysis of Environmental Toxicants (5) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Laboratory—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ETX 102A. Sample preparation methods for trace analysis of environmental toxicants. Concept and techniques of advanced analytical instrumentation. Interpretation and use of analytical data. Not open for credit to students who have completed course ETX 112B. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, VL. Effective: 2004 Spring Quarter.
ETX 103ABiological Effects of Toxicants (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): BIS 102; ETX 101 and NPB 101 recommended. Biological effects of toxic substances in living organisms. Metabolism, cellular and tissue targets, mechanisms of action, and pathological effects. Not open for credit to students who have taken ETX 114A. (Letter.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 2004 Winter Quarter.
ETX 103BBiological Effects of Toxicants: Experimental Approaches (5) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Laboratory—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ETX 103A. Experimental approaches for assessing the biological effects of toxicants. Not open for credit to students who have taken ETX 114B. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, VL, WE. Effective: 2004 Spring Quarter.
ETX 104Environmental and Nutritional Factors in Cellular Regulation and Nutritional Toxicants (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): BIS 101; (BIS 103 or ABI 103). Cellular regulation from nutritional/toxicological perspective. Emphasis: role of biofactors on modulation of signal transduction pathways, role of specific organelles in organization/regulation of metabolic transformations, major cofactor functions, principles of pharmacology/toxicology important to understanding nutrient/toxicant metabolism. (Same course as NUT 104.) (Letter.) GE credit: OL, SE, SL. Effective: 2005 Spring Quarter.
ETX 110Toxic Tragedies and Their Impact on Society (2) Active
Lecture—2 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): BIS 010; or Consent of Instructor. Or equivalent; CHE 118A recommended. Examination of toxic tragedies, their origins, consequences, and effects on toxic regulation. (Letter.) GE credit: OL, SE, SL, WE. Effective: 2004 Winter Quarter.
ETX 111Introduction to Mass Spectrometry (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): CHE 118C. Introduction to mass spectrometry, including ionization techniques, mass analyzers, interpretation of mass spectra, and applications of mass spectrometry. Emphasis on fundamental concepts of mass spectrometry necessary to identify and quantify organic molecules. (Letter.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 2004 Winter Quarter.
ETX 120Perspectives in Aquatic Toxicology (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): CHE 008B; (CHE 118B or CHE 128B); BIS 001A; or Consent of Instructor. Toxic substances, their fate in marine and freshwater systems, and their effects on aquatic organisms, populations, and ecosystems. Emphasis will be on substances and issues of current concern. (Letter.) GE credit: OL, SE, SL, VL, WE. Effective: 2004 Winter Quarter.
ETX 127Environmental Stress and Development in Marine Organisms (10) Active
Lecture—4 hour(s); Laboratory—12 hour(s); Discussion—2 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ETX 101 or BIS 102 or BIS 104; and Consent of Instructor. Or the equivalent; ETX 114A or NUT 114 recommended. Course taught at Bodega Marine Laboratory. Effects of environmental and nutritional stress, including pollutants, on development and function in embryos and larvae of marine organisms. Emphasis on advanced experimental methods. (Same course as NUT 127.) (Letter.) GE credit: OL, QL, SE, SL, VL, WE. Effective: 2002 Summer Session 1.
ETX 128Food Toxicology (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): BIS 102; BIS 103. Chemistry and biochemistry of toxins occurring in foods, including plant and animal toxins, intentional and unintentional food additives. The assessment of food safety and toxic hazards. (Same course as FST 128.) (Letter.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 130The Role and Applications of Toxicology in Modern Industry (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ETX 101; ETX 103A recommended. Role of toxicology in industry research and development, human health and environmental protection, hazard and risk evaluations, risk management and communications, product stewardship, and regulatory compliance. Scientific principles and methods of toxicology in chemical, energy, pharmaceutical, pesticide, biotechnology industries. (Letter.) GE credit: OL, SE, SL, VL, WE. Effective: 2008 Spring Quarter.
ETX 131Environmental Toxicology of Air Pollutants (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): CHE 008B (can be concurrent); Or the equivalent; BIS 102 recommended. Field trip required. Toxicology of air pollutants in the ambient, indoor, and occupational environments. Health effects, sources, environmental fates, pulmonary responses, sampling and analyses, and air-quality criteria and standards. Field trip required. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, VL. Effective: 2003 Fall Quarter.
ETX 135Health Risk Assessment of Toxicants (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ETX 101; ETX 114A recommended. Current practices of health risk assessment of environmental chemicals using toxicological principles and their application to regulatory control of these chemicals. (Letter.) GE credit: QL, SE, SL, VL. Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 138Legal Aspects of Environmental Toxicology (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. ETX 010 or ETX 101 recommended. Federal and California legislation concerning air and water pollution, pesticide use, food and feed additives, consumer protection, and occupational exposure to toxic substances; roles of federal regulatory agencies; alternatives to government control. (Letter.) GE credit: SE, VL, WE. Effective: 2001 Fall Quarter.
ETX 140Genes and the Environment (3) Active
Lecture/Discussion—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): BIS 101; Biological Science 101 required or permission of instructor; coursework in genetics and molecular biology and/or environmental toxicology recommended. Evaluation of evidence that human health and disease susceptibility result from complex interactions between genes and the environment. Emphasis on cancer, metabolic, cardiovascular, and neurological health outcomes assessed by genotoxicity and toxicogenomic methods. (Letter.) Effective: 2015 Fall Quarter.
ETX 146Exposure and Dose Assessment (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ETX 112A; ETX 135 recommended. The exposure component of risk assessment; specifically, the presence and/or formation of toxic substances in environmental media, their movement within and between contaminated media, and the contacts of human populations with those media. (Letter.) GE credit: QL, SE, SL, VL. Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 190Seminar (1) Active
Seminar—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Selected topics presented by students, faculty, or outside speakers covering current research and instructional activities within environmental toxicology. Reports and discussion concerning oral and written presentations, literature sources, and career opportunities. (P/NP grading only.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 190CResearch Group Conference (1) Active
Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Weekly conference of advanced research methods and the interpretation of research results. (P/NP grading only.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 190SEnvironmental Toxicology Career Seminar (1) Active
Seminar—1 hour(s). Careers in environmental toxicology; discussions with graduates from the Department of Environmental Toxicology and other experts in the field. (P/NP grading only.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 2003 Fall Quarter.
ETX 192Internship (1-12) Active
Internship—3-36 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Completion of 84 units. Work experience off and on campus in all subject areas offered in the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. Internships supervised by a member of the faculty. (P/NP grading only.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 194HAHonors Research (3) Active
Discussion—1 hour(s); Laboratory—6 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Senior standing; minimum GPA of 3.250. Specific research project conducted under the supervision of a faculty sponsor. Experience to include experimental design, learning new techniques, data analysis and interpretation of findings. (Letter.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 194HBHonors Research (3) Active
Discussion—1 hour(s); Laboratory—6 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Senior standing; minimum GPA of 3.250. Specific research project conducted under the supervision of a faculty sponsor. Experience to include experimental design, learning new techniques, data analysis and interpretation of findings. (P/NP grading only.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 194HCHonors Research (3) Active
Laboratory—9 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Senior standing, minimum GPA of 3.250. Continuation of course 194HA-194HB. (P/NP grading only.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 197TTutoring in Environmental Toxicology (1-5) Active
Variable. Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Advanced standing in Environmental Toxicology, a related major, or the equivalent experience. Teaching toxicology including conducting discussion groups for regular departmental courses under direct guidance of staff. May be repeated up to 5 Unit(s). (P/NP grading only.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 198Directed Group Study (1-5) Active
Variable. Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. (P/NP grading only.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 199Special Study for Advanced Undergraduates (1-5) Active
Variable. (P/NP grading only.) GE credit: SE. Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 203Environmental Toxicants (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): CHE 008B or CHE 128C; and Consent of Instructor. Or the equivalent of CHE 128C. Toxic chemicals: selected topics illustrating their occurrence, structure, and the reactions underlying detection, toxicity, fate, and ecological importance. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 214Mechanisms of Toxic Action (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): BIS 102; BIS 103; and Consent of Instructor. Chemical, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms underlying the adverse effects of toxic chemicals. Students are required to write a grant proposal and participate in a grant review panel. (Letter.) Effective: 1999 Spring Quarter.
ETX 220Analysis of Toxicants (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Coursework in organic chemistry. Principles of microanalysis of toxicants. Theoretical considerations regarding separation, detection and quantitative determination of toxicants using chemical and instrumental techniques. (Same course as FOR 220.) (Letter.) Effective: 2006 Winter Quarter.
ETX 220LAnalysis of Toxicants Laboratory (2) Active
Laboratory—6 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ETX 220 (can be concurrent); and Consent of Instructor. Laboratory techniques for microanalysis of toxicants. Separation, detection, and quantitative determination of toxicants using chemical and instrumental methods. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 228Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry of Toxic Chemicals (3) Active
Lecture—1 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s); Laboratory—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ETX 220; CHE 129C; and Consent of Instructor. Application of GC/MS techniques to investigate toxic chemicals. Mass spectral fragmentations and their application to the structural elucidation. Practical application of GC/MS in current research. Preference given to environmental toxicology graduate students. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 234Current Topics in Neurotoxicology (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Core courses in one of the following graduate programs: Pharmacology and Toxicology, Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Cell and Developmental Biology, Immunology, Molecular Cellular and Integrative Physiology or Neuroscience. Restricted to upper level undergraduate students must obtain permission from the course coordinator. General principles of neurotoxicology, the cell and molecular mechanisms and health impacts of specific neurotoxicants and the contribution of neurotoxic compounds to complex eurodevelopmental disorders and neurodegenerative diseases. (Same course as VMB 234 and MCP 234.) (Letter.) Effective: 2010 Fall Quarter.
ETX 240Ecotoxicology (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): or Consent of Instructor. Elementary course in toxicology and ecology or the equivalent. Principles of toxicology as applied to chemical action on natural populations, communities, and ecosystems. Physical, chemical, and biological characteristics which influence ecotoxic effects, modeling, and field research. Selected case histories are analyzed and presented in class. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 250Reproductive Toxicology (3) Active
Lecture—1.5 hour(s); Lecture/Discussion—1.5 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): PTX 203. Application of toxicological principles in reproductive studies. Effects of toxicants on the male, female, and developing embryo/fetus. Critical evaluation of reproductive toxicity studies and development of mechanistic approaches to understanding how chemical exposure can adversely affect reproduction. (Letter.) Effective: 2000 Winter Quarter.
ETX 260Immunotoxicology (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Undergraduate or graduate introduction to immunology coursework recommended but not required; graduate standing or consent of instructor. Provides students with skills and knowledge for evaluating and applying research on the impact of environmental toxicants on immunological function in human and wildlife populations. (Letter.) Effective: 2005 Fall Quarter.
ETX 270Toxicology of Pesticides (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ETX 101; One course each in (a) Organic Chemistry, (b) Biochemistry, (c) Toxicology (ETX 101 or equivalent), or with consent of instructor; graduate standing. Classification and chemical properties of pesticides, their mode of action, metabolism and disposition, pesticide resistance, effects on human health and ecological health and methods of risk benefit analyses. (Letter.) Effective: 2007 Winter Quarter.
ETX 278Molecular Techniques (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing or consent of instructor. Recombinant DNA technology and its applications. (Same course as FOR 278.) (Letter.) Effective: 2002 Spring Quarter.
ETX 280Forensic DNA Analysis (3) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Coursework in genetics and molecular biology. Graduate standing; consent of instructor required for all students not enrolled in the MS Forensics program. Foundation in theory and practice of forensic DNA analysis; past, present, and emerging technologies; legal and quality assurance issues. DNA extraction, DNA quantitation, multiplex amplification of STR loci, capillary electrophoresis of amplified products, and analysis of STR typing data. (Same course as FOR 280.) (Letter.) Effective: 2003 Spring Quarter.
ETX 281Principles and Practice of Forensic Serology and DNA Analysis (3) Active
Lecture—2 hour(s); Discussion/Laboratory—3 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (FOR 278 or ETX 278) or (FOR 280 or ETX 280); Or equivalent; consent of instructor. Restricted to students enrolled in the M.S. in Forensic Science Program or by consent of Forensic Science Program Director. Comprehensive overview of forensic serology and DNA typing techniques and technologies. Strong emphasis on real-world applications, including preservation and tracking of biological evidence, detection and identification of bodily fluids, and methods to extract, quantify, and type human DNA. (Same course as FOR 281.) (Letter.) Effective: 2011 Spring Quarter.
ETX 284Non-Human Forensic DNA--Theory and Casework Application (2) Active
Lecture—2 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of instructor required for all students not enrolled in the MS Forensics program; upper division Molecular Biology and Genetics or its equivalent. Restricted to graduate standing. Provides a comprehensive understanding of plant and animal forensic biology in terms of sample collection, preservation, analytical methods, and of the invaluable lines of inquiry these forensic evidence may permit. (Same course as FOR 284.) (Letter.) Effective: 2010 Fall Quarter.
ETX 290Seminar (1) Active
Seminar—1 hour(s). Current topics in environmental toxicology. (S/U grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 290CAdvanced Research Conference (1) Active
Lecture/Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Presentation and critical discussion of advanced research methods and interpretation of research results. Designed primarily for graduate students. (S/U grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 297TTutoring in Environmental Toxicology (1-5) Active
Variable. Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Graduate standing in Environmental Toxicology, a related major, or the equivalent experience. Teaching toxicology including conducting discussion groups for regular departmental courses under direct guidance of staff. May be repeated up to 5 Unit(s). (S/U grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 298Group Study (1-5) Active
Variable. Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 299Research (1-12) Active
Variable. Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. (S/U grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ETX 396Teaching Assistant Training Practicum (1-4) Active
Variable. May be repeated for credit. (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.