ECN Economics

Courses in ECN:
ECN 001APrinciples of Microeconomics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). ECN 001A & ECN 001B may be taken in either order. Analysis of the allocation of resources and the distribution of income through a price system; competition and monopoly; the role of public policy; comparative economic systems. (Letter.) GE credit: ACGH, QL, SS. Effective: 2004 Fall Quarter.
ECN 001AVPrinciples of Microeconomics (4) Active
Web Virtual Lecture—3 hour(s); Web Electronic Discussion—1 hour(s). Analysis of the allocation of resources and the distribution of income through a price system; competition and monopoly; the role of public policy; comparative economic systems. (Letter.) GE credit: ACGH, QL, SS. Effective: 2017 Fall Quarter.
ECN 001BPrinciples of Macroeconomics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). ECN 001A & ECN 001B may be taken in either order. Analysis of the economy as a whole; determinants of the level of income, employment and prices; money and banking, economic fluctuations, international trade, economic development; the role of public policy. (Letter.) GE credit: ACGH, QL, SS. Effective: 2004 Fall Quarter.
ECN 090XLower Division Seminar (1-2) Active
Seminar—1-2 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Lower division standing. Limited enrollment. Examination of a special topic in Economics through shared readings, discussions, and written assignments. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 092Internship & Field Work (1-12) Active
Internship—3-36 hour(s); Term Paper. Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Intensive study of practical application of concepts in economics, stressing research methods and empirical analysis. (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 098Group Study for Undergraduates (1-5) Active
Variable. Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Primarily for lower division students. (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 099Individual Study for Undergraduates (1-5) Active
Variable. Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 100Intermediate Micro Theory (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 001A C- or better or ECN 001AV C- or better); ECN 001B C- or better; ((MAT 016A C- or better, MAT 016B C- or better) or (MAT 021A C- or better, MAT 021B C- or better) or (MAT 017A C- or better, MAT 017B C- or better)). Price and distribution theory under conditions of perfect and imperfect competition. General equilibrium and welfare economics. Not open for credit to students who have taken ARE 100A or ARE 100B. (Letter.) Effective: 2018 Spring Quarter.
ECN 100AIntermediate Micro Theory: Consumer & Producer Theory (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 001A C- or better or ECN 001AV C- or better); ECN 001B C- or better; (MAT 016A C- or better or MAT 017A C- or better or MAT 021A C- or better); (MAT 016B C- or better or MAT 017B C- or better or MAT 021B C- or better). Consumer and producer theory. Equilibrium and welfare analysis. Topics include competitive markets, consumer and producer surplus at an intermediate level. Not open for credit to students that have taken ARE 100A or ECN 100. (Letter.) Effective: 2018 Winter Quarter.
ECN 100BIntermediate Micro Theory: Imperfect Competition & Market Failure (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 100A. Imperfect competition and market failure. Topics include exchange, monopoly, game theory, uncertainty, asymmetric information, and public goods. Not open for credit to students that have taken ARE 100B. (Letter.) Effective: 2017 Fall Quarter.
ECN 101Intermediate Macro Theory (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 001A C- or better or ECN 001AV C- or better); ECN 001B C- or better; ((MAT 016A C- or better, MAT 016B C- or better) or (MAT 021A C- or better, MAT 021B C- or better) or (MAT 017A C- or better, MAT 017B C- or better)). Theory of income, employment and prices under static and dynamic conditions, and long term growth. (Letter.) Effective: 2018 Winter Quarter.
ECN 102Analysis of Economic Data (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 001A or ECN 001AV); ECN 001B; (STA 013 or STA 013Y or STA 032); (MAT 016A or MAT 017A or MAT 021A); (MAT 016B or MAT 017B or MAT 021B); or Consent of Instructor. Analysis of economic data to investigate key relationships emphasized in introductory micro and macro economics. Obtaining, transforming, displaying data; statistical analysis of economic data; basic univariate and multivariate regression analysis. Only 2 units of credit for students who have completed ECN 140 or ARE 106, and STA 108. (Letter.) GE credit: VL. Effective: 2018 Winter Quarter.
ECN 103Economics of Uncertainty & Information (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 100 or ECN 100A or (ARE 100A, ARE 100B)), ECN 100B, (MAT 016A or MAT 017A or MAT 021A), (MAT 016B or MAT 017B or MAT 021B). Optimal decisions under uncertainty, expected utility theory, economics of insurance, asymmetric information, signalling in the job market, incentives and Principal-Agent theory, optimal search strategies and the reservation price principle. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 106Decision Making (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ((MAT 016A C- or better, MAT 016B C- or better) or (MAT 017A C- or better, MAT 017B C- or better) or (MAT 021A C- or better, MAT 021B C- or better)); (STA 013 C- or better or STA 013Y C- or better or STA 032 C- or better); or Consent of Instructor. Descriptive and normative analysis of individual decision making, with applications to personal, professional, financial, and public policy decisions. Emphasis on decision making under uncertainty and over time. Heuristics and biases in the psychology of decisions; overcoming decision traps. (Letter.) Effective: 2018 Winter Quarter.
ECN 107Neuroeconomics/Reinforcement Learning & Decision Making (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Term Paper. Prerequisite(s): (PSC 100 or PSC 100Y or PSC 135 or ARE 100A or ECN 100A or NPB 162 or NPB 163); (STA 013 or STA 013Y or STA 100 or PSC 103A); or Consent of Instructor. Theoretical and empirical approaches to neuroeconomics (neuroscience of decision making) from psychology, neuroscience, economics, and computer science. Neuroscience of judgment and decision making, behavioral economics, and reinforcement learning. (Same course as PSC 133, CGS 107.) (Letter.) GE credit: SL, SS. Effective: 2018 Spring Quarter.
ECN 110AWorld Economic History Before the Industrial Revolution (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 001A or ECN 001AV); ECN 001B. Development and application of analytical models to explain the nature and functioning of economies before the Industrial Revolution. Examples will be drawn from a variety of societies, including England, China, Polynesia, and Pre-Columbian America. (Letter.) GE credit: SS. Effective: 2018 Spring Quarter.
ECN 110BWorld Economic History Since the Industrial Revolution (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 001A or ECN 001AV); ECN 001B. Development and application of analytical models to explain the nature and functioning of economies since the Industrial Revolution. Examples will be drawn from a variety of societies, including England, China, Germany, and India. (Letter.) GE credit: SS. Effective: 2018 Winter Quarter.
ECN 111AEconomic History (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 001A or ECN 001AV); ECN 001B; or Consent of Instructor. Survey of economic change in the United States from Colonial times to 1865; reference to other regions in the Western Hemisphere. (Letter.) GE credit: SS. Effective: 2018 Spring Quarter.
ECN 111BEconomics History (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 001A or ECN 001AV) or ECN 001B; or Consent of Instructor. Survey of economic change in the United States from 1865 to the post World War II era. (Letter.) GE credit: SS. Effective: 2018 Spring Quarter.
ECN 115AEconomic Development (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 001A or ECN 001AV); ECN 001B. Major issues encountered in emerging from international poverty, including problems of growth and structural change, human welfare, population growth and health, labor markets and internal migration. Important issues of policy concerning international trade and industrialization. (Same course as ARE 115A.) (Letter.) GE credit: SS, WC. Effective: 2018 Winter Quarter.
ECN 115BEconomic Development (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 001A or ECN 001AV); ECN 001B. Major macroeconomic issues of developing countries. Issues include problems in generating capital, conduct of monetary and fiscal policies, foreign aid and investment. Important issues of policy concerning international borrowing and external debt of developing countries. (Same course as ARE 115B.) (Letter.) GE credit: SS, WC. Effective: 2018 Spring Quarter.
ECN 115BYEconomic Development (4) Active
Lecture—1.5 hour(s); Web Virtual Lecture—1.5 hour(s); Term Paper. Prerequisite(s): ECN 001A; ECN 001B. Major macroeconomic issues of developing countries. Issues include problems in generating capital, conduct of monetary and fiscal policies, foreign aid and investment. Important issues of policy concerning international borrowing and external debt of developing countries. (Letter.) GE credit: SS. Effective: 2016 Fall Quarter.
ECN 116Comparative Economic Systems (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 100 or ECN 100A or ARE 100A); (ECN 100B or ARE 100B). Economics analysis of the relative virtues of capitalism and socialism, including welfare economics. Marxian exploitation theory, the socialist calculation debate (Hayek and Lange), alternative capitalist systems (Japan, Germany, U.S.) and contemporary models of market socialism. (Letter.) GE credit: WC. Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 117Economics of International Immigration (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion/Laboratory—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 001A or ECN 001AV); ECN 001B. Pass One open to Economics majors only. Introduction to research on the economics of immigration. Immigrant demographics and reasons for migrating. Immigrant success and effects on native populations. Influence of immigrants on those left behind. Discussion of migration policy in the US and other countries. Not open for credit to students who have previously completed an upper division economics course in international immigration. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Spring Quarter.
ECN 121AIndustrial Organization (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 100 or ECN 100A or ARE 100A); (ECN 100B or ARE 100B). Appraisal of the role of competition and monopoly in the American economy; market structure, conduct, and economic performance of a variety of industries. (Letter.) GE credit: SS. Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 121BIndustrial Organization (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 100 or ECN 100A or ARE 100A); (ECN 100B or ARE 100B). Study of antitrust and economic regulation. Emphasis on applying theoretical models to U.S. industries and case studies, including telecommunications, software, and electricity markets. Topics include natural monopoly, optimal and actual regulatory mechanisms, deregulation, mergers, predatory pricing, and monopolization. (Letter.) GE credit: ACGH. Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 122Theory of Games & Strategic Behavior (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (MAT 016A, MAT 016B) or (MAT 021A, MAT 021B) or (MAT 017A, MAT 017B); or Consent of Instructor. Introduction to game theory. Explanation of the behavior of rational individuals with interacting and often conflicting interests. Non-cooperative and cooperative theory. Applications to economics, political science and other fields. (Letter.) Effective: 2016 Fall Quarter.
ECN 125Energy Economics (4) Review all entries Historical
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 100 or ECN 100A or ARE 100A. Pass One open to Economics and Graduate School of Management majors. Application of theoretical and empirical models to examine efficiency in energy production and use. Energy and environmental policy, market structure and power, global climate change, optimal regulation, and real-world applications; e.g., California electricity crisis. (Letter.) GE credit: SS. Effective: 2019 Spring Quarter.
ECN 125Energy Economics (4) Review all entries Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 100 or ECN 100A or ARE 100A; Consent of Instructor. Pass One open to Economics Majors, Energy Systems, Transportation Technology & Policy, and Civil & Environmental Engineering Graduate students and Graduate School of Management. Application of theoretical and empirical models to examine efficiency in energy production and use. Energy and environmental policy, market structure and power, global climate change, optimal regulation, and real-world applications; e.g., California electricity crisis. (Letter.) GE credit: SS. Effective: 2020 Winter Quarter.
ECN 130Public Microeconomics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 100 or ECN 100A or ARE 100A); (ECN 100B or ARE 100B). Public expenditures; theory and applications. Efficiency and equity of competitive markets; externalities, public goods, and market failures; positive and normative aspects of public policy for expenditure, including benefit-cost analysis. Topics include consumer protection, pollution, education, poverty and crime. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 131Public Finance (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 100 or ECN 100A or ARE 100A); (ECN 100B or ARE 100B). Economic burden of taxation; equity and efficiency considerations in tax design; structure and economic effects of the U.S. tax system (including personal income tax, corporation income tax, and property tax); tax loopholes; recent developments; tax reform proposals. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 132Health Economics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 100 or ECN 100A or ARE 100A); (ECN 102 or ECN 140 or ARE 106 or STA 108); ECN 100B; or Consent of Instructor. The health care market, emphasizing the role and use of economics. Individual demand, provision of services by doctors and hospitals, health insurance, managed care and competition, the role of government access to health care. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 133YPoverty, Inequality & Public Policy (4) Active
Web Virtual Lecture—2 hour(s); Discussion—2 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 001A or ECN 001AV); ECN 001B. Limited to 99; 3 sections of 33 each. Examination of the economics of poverty and inequality in the United States, including measurement, trends, and related policies. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 134Financial Economics (4) Review all entries Historical
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 100 or ECN 100A or ARE 100A); (STA 013 or STA 013Y); ECN 100B. General background and rationale of corporation; finance as resource allocation over time; decision making under uncertainty and the role of information; capital market and interest rate structure; financial decisions. Students who have completed ARE 171A may not receive credit for this course. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 134Financial Economics (4) Review all entries Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 100 or ECN 100A or ARE 100A); (STA 013 or STA 013Y); (ECN 100B, ARE 100B). General background and rationale of corporation; finance as resource allocation over time; decision making under uncertainty and the role of information; capital market and interest rate structure; financial decisions. No credit for students who have completed ARE 171A. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Summer Session 1.
ECN 135Money, Banks, & Financial Institutions (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 101; (STA 013 or STA 013Y). Banks and the banking system. Uncertainty and asymmetric information in the lending process; efficiency of competitive equilibrium in lending markets. Regulation and the conduct of monetary policy. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 136Topics in Macroeconomic Theory (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 101. Advanced Topics in macroeconomics theory. Develops the theoretical and empirical analysis of a specific field of macroeconomics. Possible topics include, business cycle theories, growth theory, monetary economics, political economics and theories of unemployment and inflation. (Letter.) Effective: 2007 Fall Quarter.
ECN 137Macroeconomic Policy (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 100 or ECN 100A or ARE 100A); (ECN 100B or ARE 100B); ECN 101; (STA 013 or STA 013Y). Theory and practice of macroeconomic policy, both monetary and fiscal. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 140Econometrics (4) Review all entries Historical
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 100 or ECN 100A or ARE 100A); (ECN 100B or ARE 100B); ECN 101; ECN 102; (STA 013 or STA 013Y). Pass One open to Economics Majors. Problems of observation, estimation and hypotheses testing in economics through the study of the theory and application of linear regression models. Critical evaluation of selected examples of empirical research and exercises in applied economics. Only two units of credit allowed to students who have completed two or more of the following courses: ECN 102, ARE 106 or STA 108. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 140Econometrics (4) Review all entries Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 100 or ECN 100A or ARE 100A); (ECN 102 or STA 108); or Consent of Instructor. Pass One open to Economics Majors. Problems of observation, estimation and hypotheses testing in economics through the study of the theory and application of linear regression models. Critical evaluation of selected examples of empirical research and exercises in applied economics. Only 2 units of credit allowed to students who have completed two or more of ECN 102, ARE 106 or STA 108. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Fall Quarter.
ECN 145Transportation Economics (4) Review all entries Historical
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 100 or (ARE 100A, ARE 100B)), ((MAT 016A, MAT 016B) or (MAT 017A, MAT 017B)), (STA 013 or STA 013Y), ECN 102, ECN 140, (ARE 106 or STA 108); or Consent of Instructor. Intended for advanced Economics undergraduates. Examination of fundamental problems of planning and financing transportation "infrastructure" (roads, ports, airports). The economics of the automobile industry, as well as the impact of government regulation and deregulation in the airlines and trucking industries. (Letter.) Effective: 2018 Spring Quarter.
ECN 145Transportation Economics (4) Review all entries Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 100 or ECN 100A or ARE 100A); (ECN 102, STA 108); or Consent of Instructor. Examination of fundamental problems of planning and financing transportation "infrastructure" (roads, ports, airports). The economics of the automobile industry, as well as the impact of government regulation and deregulation in the airlines and trucking industries. Intended for advanced Economics undergraduates. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Fall Quarter.
ECN 151AEconomics of the Labor Market (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 100 or ECN 100A or ARE 100A. Theory of labor supply and demand; determination of wages and employment in the labor market. Policy issues: labor force participation by married women; minimum wages and youth unemployment; effect of unions on wages. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 151BEconomics of Human Resources (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 100 or ECN 100A or ARE 100A. Human resource analysis; introduction to human capital theory and economics of education; the basic theory of wage differentials, including theories of labor market discrimination; income distribution; poverty. Policy issues; negative income tax; manpower training programs; incomes policy. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 152Economics of Education (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 100 C- or better or ECN 100A or ARE 100A C- or better); (ECN 100B or ARE 100B C- or better); ECN 102 C- or better; (STA 013 C- or better or STA 013Y C- or better or STA 032 C- or better); or Consent of Instructor. Application of theoretical and empirical tools of economics to the education sector. Demand for Education; Education Production and Market Structures in Education. Policy applications: class size reduction, school finance equalization, accountability, and school choice. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 160AInternational Microeconomics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 100 or ECN 100A or ARE 100A. International grade theory: impact of trade on the domestic and world economies; public policy toward external trade. Only 2 units of credit allowed to students who have completed ECN 162. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 160BInternational Macroeconomics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 101. Macroeconomic theory of an open economy. Balance of payments adjustment mechanism, international monetary economics issues; international financial institutions and their policies. Only 2 units of credit allowed to students who have completed ECN 162. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 162International Economic Relations (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 001A or ECN 001AV); ECN 001B; or Consent of Instructor. International trade & monetary relations, trade policy, exchange rate policy, policies toward international capital migration and investment. Emphasis on current policy issues. Intended especially for non-majors. Not open for credit to students who have completed ECN 160A or ECN 160B. (Letter.) GE credit: SS, WC. Effective: 2018 Winter Quarter.
ECN 167Economic Development in Weak States (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 100A; ECN 100B. Pass One open to Economics majors only. Barriers to economic development in developing countries. Economic and policy tools to address barriers within a functioning, well-intentioned government and non-functioning or ill-intentioned governments. Conflict between the state and other subnational actors for legitimate political control. Field experiments and other methodology to understand the success of economic and policy tools in weak states Not open for credit to students who have previously completed an upper division economics course in economic development in weak states. (Letter.) GE credit: SS. Effective: 2019 Fall Quarter.
ECN 171Economy of East Asia (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 001A or ECN 001AV); ECN 001B; or Consent of Instructor. Intensive reading, discussion and research on selected topics from the economies of the countries of East Asia. Consult department for course scheduling. (Letter.) Effective: 2018 Spring Quarter.
ECN 190Topics in Economics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Selected topics in economic analysis and public policy. Variable content. May be repeated for credit when topic differs. (Letter.) Effective: 2007 Fall Quarter.
ECN 190XUpper Division Seminar (1-4) Active
Seminar—1-4 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 100 or ECN 100A); ECN 100B; ECN 101; and Consent of Instructor. Limited enrollment. In-depth examination at an upper division level of a special topic in Economics. Emphasis on focused analytical work. May not be repeated for credit. (Letter.) Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 192Internship (1-6) Active
Internship—3-18 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Upper division standing. Internship experience off and on campus in all subject areas offered in the Department of Economics. Supervised by a member of the staff. May be repeated for credit. (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 2019 Winter Quarter.
ECN 194HASpecial Study for Honors Students (4) Active
Independent Study—3 hour(s); Seminar—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Major in Economics with senior standing; consent of instructor and completion of 135 units with a minimum GPA of 3.500 in courses counted toward the major. A program of research culminating in the writing of a senior honors thesis under the direction of a faculty advisor. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 194HBSpecial Study for Honors Students (4) Active
Independent Study—3 hour(s); Seminar—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Major in Economics with senior standing; consent of instructor and completion of 135 units with a minimum GPA of 3.500 in courses counted toward the major. A program of research culminating in the writing of a senior honors thesis under the direction of a faculty advisor. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 197TTutoring in Economics (1-5) Active
Tutorial—3-15 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of instructor and chairperson. Undergraduates assist the instructor by tutoring students in one of the department's regularly scheduled courses. May be repeated up to 10 Unit(s). (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 2004 Fall Quarter.
ECN 198Directed Group Study (1-5) Active
Variable. Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 199Special Study for Advanced Undergraduates (1-5) Active
Variable. Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. (P/NP grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 200AMicroeconomic Theory (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing. Linear and non-linear optimization theory applied to develop the theory of the profit-maximizing firm and the utility-maximizing consumer. (Same course as ARE 200A.) (Letter.) Effective: 2018 Fall Quarter.
ECN 200BMicroeconomic Theory (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 200A. Characteristics of market equilibrium under perfect competition, simple monopoly and monopsony. Emphasis on general equilibrium and welfare economics; the sources of market success and market failure. (Same course as ARE 200B.) (Letter.) Effective: 2018 Fall Quarter.
ECN 200CMicroeconomic Theory (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 200B. Uncertainty and information economics. Individual decision making under uncertainty. Introduction to game theory, with emphasis on applications to markets with firms that are imperfect competitors or consumers that are imperfectly informed. (Same course as ARE 200C.) (Letter.) Effective: 2018 Fall Quarter.
ECN 200DMacroeconomic Theory (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 101; MAT 021A; MAT 021B; MAT 021C; or equivalent courses. Macro static theory of income, employment, and prices. (Letter.) Effective: 2018 Fall Quarter.
ECN 200EMacroeconomic Theory (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 200B (can be concurrent); ECN 200D. Macrodynamic theory of income, employment, and prices. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 201AHistory of Economic Thought (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Economic thought from the classical Greece era to modern times. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 201BHistory of Economic Thought II (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Origins and emergence of modern economic analysis. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 203AAdvanced Economic Theory (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 200A; ECN 200B. Advanced topics in general equilibrium theory and welfare economics: existence, determinateness and efficiency; intertemporal economies; uncertainty. (Letter.) Effective: 2007 Fall Quarter.
ECN 203BAdvanced Economic Theory: Game Theory (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 200A; ECN 200B; ECN 200C. Covers the most recent developments in game theory, with the focus changing from year to year. Main topics are: refinements Nash equilibrium, repeated games, evolution, social situations, bounded rationality, and bargaining theory. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 203CTopics in Economic Theory (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 200A; ECN 200B; ECN 200C. Selected topics in contemporary microeconomic theory. May be repeated for credit with the consent of the Graduate Studies Committee. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 210AEconomic History (4) Active
Lecture/Discussion—4 hour(s). Economic history of the eastern hemisphere in the modern period. Medieval Europe or other regions may be studied, depending on student interest. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 210BEconomic History (4) Active
Lecture/Discussion—4 hour(s). The United States from Colonial times to the present. Other areas of the western hemisphere may be studied, according to student interest. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 210CEconomic History (4) Active
Seminar—4 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): A graduate course in economic history. Selected topics and issues, emphasis on current research. (Quarter offered to be flexible.) (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 214Development Economics (4) Active
Lecture—4 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ARE 100A; ARE 100B; ECN 101; ARE 204/ECN 204 and ECN 160A-ECN 160B recommended. Review of the principal theoretical and empirical issues whose analysis has formed development economics. Analysis of economic development theories and development strategies and their application to specific policy issues in developing country contexts. (Same course as ARE 214.) (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 215AMicrodevelopment Theory & Methods I (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 200A or ECN 204; ECN 240A recommended. Agricultural development theory, with a focus on microeconomics. Agricultural household behavior with and without market imperfections and uncertainty. Analysis of rural land, labor, credit and insurance markets, institutions, and contracts. (Same course as ARE 215A.) (Letter.) Effective: 1999 Fall Quarter.
ECN 215BOpen Macroeconomics of Development (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ARE 200A or ECN 200A); (ARE 204 or ECN 204); (ECN 214 or ECN 215A); ECN 200D or ECN 205. Models and policy approaches regarding trade, monetary and fiscal issues, capital flows and debt are discussed in the macroeconomic framework of an open developing country. Basic analytical focus is real exchange rate and its impact on sectoral allocation of resources. (Same course as ARE 215B.) (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 215CMicrodevelopment Theory & Methods II (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 215A. Extension of development theory and microeconomic methods. Agricultural growth and technological change; poverty and income inequality; multisectoral, including village and regional models. Computable general equilibrium methods and applications. (Same course as ARE 215C.) (Letter.) Effective: 1999 Fall Quarter.
ECN 215DEnvironmental & Economic Development (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 200A; (ECN 204 or ARE 275). Interdisciplinary course drawing on theoretical and empirical research on interactions between environmental resource use and economic development processes. Analysis of issues emerging at the interface of environmental and development economics. (Same course as ARE 215D.) (Letter.) Effective: 1998 Spring Quarter.
ECN 216Energy & Climate Policy (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Extensive Writing/Discussion. Prerequisite(s): ECN 100A or ARE 100A; or Consent of Instructor. Pass One restricted to graduate students in the following programs: Economics, Energy Graduate Group, and Transportation Technology and Policy Graduate Group. Fundamentals of energy technology, economics, and policy. Survey and analysis of current and prospective climate policies at the local and global level, including but not limited to cap-and-trade, emissions offsets, intensity standards, technology standards, mandates and subsidies. (Same course as EGG 202.) (Letter.) Effective: 2018 Spring Quarter.
ECN 221AThe Theory of Industrial Organization (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 200A; ECN 200B; ECN 200C. Game theory is used to analyze strategic interaction of firms in industries. Topics include models of competition, product differentiation, entry-deterring strategies, contractual arrangements, vertical control and antitrust issues. (Letter.) Effective: 2001 Fall Quarter.
ECN 221BEmpirical Analysis in Industrial Organization (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 221A; ECN 240B. Recent empirical work in industrial organization. Topics include empirical analysis of cartels, product differentiation, innovation and technological change, and imperfect competition in international markets. (Letter.) Effective: 2002 Winter Quarter.
ECN 221CIndustrial Organization & Regulation (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 221A; ECN 240B. Optimal regulation of natural monopoly. Topics include regulatory mechanisms for single and multiple output firms under symmetric and asymmetric information, optimality without regulation, the economic theory of regulation, and empirical studies of regulation and deregulation. (Letter.) Effective: 2002 Spring Quarter.
ECN 230APublic Economics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 200C. Measures of deadweight loss and consumer surplus; optimal commodity and income taxation; tax incidence; policy issues in personal taxation, corporate taxation, and social insurance; the evaluation of effective tax rates. (Letter.) Effective: 2001 Fall Quarter.
ECN 230BPublic Economics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 240A; ECN 240B. Effects of government policies on economic behavior; labor supply, program participation, investment, consumption and savings. (Letter.) Effective: 2016 Fall Quarter.
ECN 230CPublic Economics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 200C; ECN 240B. Advanced topics in economics of the public sector, with emphasis on current research. Topics differ from year to year. (Letter.) Effective: 2001 Fall Quarter.
ECN 233Poverty & Public Policy (4) Active
Lecture/Discussion—4 hour(s). Interdisciplinary course covering qualitative and quantitative U.S. based poverty research. Topics include measurement, statistics, theories and evidence on the causes and consequences of poverty, and the history and efficacy of major anti-poverty programs. (Letter.) Effective: 2016 Fall Quarter.
ECN 235AMacroeconomics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 200D; or Consent of Instructor. Frontiers of applied/empirical macroeconomics. Evidence and lessons from macroeconomic history for The Great Depression, financial crises, efficient markets, parity conditions, capital flows, default, financial crises, exchange rates, growth, and other current empirical research topics. (Letter.) Effective: 2016 Fall Quarter.
ECN 235BMacroeconomics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 200D; or Consent of Instructor. Search theory, theory of real-world markets characterized by search frictions, with applications: Labor economics: models of unemployment and wages differentials; Financial economics: determination of asset prices in OTC financial markets; Monetary Economics: foundations for money as a medium of exchange. (Letter.) Effective: 2016 Fall Quarter.
ECN 235CMacroeconomics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 200D; or Consent of Instructor. Basic numerical methods for analytically intractable problems in economics. Techniques presented applicable in a wide range of fields including macroeconomics, econometrics, resource economics, labor economics, economic theory, international trade, finance, game theory, public finance, contract theory, and others. (Letter.) Effective: 2016 Fall Quarter.
ECN 235DMacroeconomics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Selected topics in Macroeconomics. May be repeated for credit with consent of Economics Graduate Studies Committee. (Letter.) Effective: 2017 Winter Quarter.
ECN 239Econometric Foundations (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing or consent of instructor. Prepares students for econometric theory and empirical work by examining the statistical foundation of econometrics. Special attention is paid to problems specific to non-experimental data common to social sciences. Topics from matrix algebra are also covered. (Same course as ARE 239.) (Letter.) Effective: 2016 Fall Quarter.
ECN 240AEconometric Methods (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 239; or Consent of Instructor. Least squares, instrumental variables, and maximum likelihood estimation and inference for single equation linear regression model; linear restrictions; heteroskedasticity; autocorrelation; lagged dependent variables. (Same course as ARE 240A.) (Letter.) Effective: 2017 Fall Quarter.
ECN 240BEconometric Methods (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 240A. Topics include asymptotic theory and instrumental variables, pooled time-series cross-section estimation, seemingly unrelated regression, classical hypothesis tests, identification and estimation of simultaneous equation models, cointegration, errorcorrection models, and qualitative and limited dependent variable models. (Same course as ARE 240B.) (Letter.) Effective: 2000 Spring Quarter.
ECN 240CTime Series Econometrics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 240B; or Consent of Instructor. Probability theory; estimation, inference and forecasting of time series models; trends and non-standard asymptotic theory; vector time series methods and cointegration; time series models for higher order moments and transition data; state-space modeling and the Kalman filter. (Same course as ARE 240C.) (Letter.) Effective: 2016 Fall Quarter.
ECN 240DCross Section Econometrics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 240B; or Consent of Instructor. Estimation and inference for nonlinear regression models for cross-section data; models for discrete data and for limited dependent variables; models for panel data; additional topics such as bootstrap and semiparametric regression. (Same course as ARE 240D.) (Letter.) Effective: 2016 Fall Quarter.
ECN 240ETopics in Time Series Econometrics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 240C; or Consent of Instructor. Modern econometric techniques for time series data. Expand on topics covered in ECN 240A, ECN 240B, ECN 240C. Content may differ year to year. (Same course as ARE 240E.) (Letter.) Effective: 2016 Fall Quarter.
ECN 240FTopics in Cross Section Econometrics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 240D; or Consent of Instructor. Modern econometrics techniques for cross-section data. Expand on topics covered in ECN 240A, ECN 240B, ECN 240D. Content may differ year to year. (Same course as ARE 240F.) (Letter.) Effective: 2016 Fall Quarter.
ECN 250ALabor Economics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): (ECN 150A and ECN 150B) or the equivalent. Philosophy, theory and history of American and foreign labor movements; union structure, organization and collective bargaining under changing labor market conditions; current labor market issues. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 250BLabor Economics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 151A; or Consent of Instructor. ECN 204 or ECN 200A recommended. Microeconomic theory of labor supply and labor demand, estimation of labor supply and demand functions; human capital theory; labor market analysis. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 260AInternational Economics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 200A or ECN 204. Theory of trade determinants; gains from trade; tariffs and effective protection; economic unions. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 260BInternational Economics (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 200D; ECN 200E. Balance of payments adjustment mechanisms; foreign exchange markets theories of balance of payments policy and international monetary mechanisms. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 260CNInternational Investment & Trade (4) Active
Seminar—4 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 260A. Analysis of foreign investment and its links to trade; theories of the firm as they relate to firm's export and investment decisions; and an introduction to the political economy of trade policies. (Letter.) Effective: 1999 Winter Quarter.
ECN 260DTopics in International Macroeconomics (4) Active
Seminar—4 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 260B; or Consent of Instructor. Survey of current literature in international macroeconomic theory. (Letter.) Effective: 1998 Spring Quarter.
ECN 260ETopics in International Trade (4) Active
Seminar—4 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 260A; ECN 260B. Current literature in international trade theory. (Letter.) Effective: 1999 Winter Quarter.
ECN 260FInternational Macroeconomic Policy (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 260B. Theory and practice of international macroeconomic policy. Topics include exchange rate regimes, international financial institutions, crises and current topics. (Letter.) Effective: 2011 Fall Quarter.
ECN 270AEconomics of Growth (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 200D; ECN 200E. Modern theories and empirics of economic growth beginning with the neoclassical theories up to current endogenous growth models. Emphasis on the analysis of human capital and growth, technological innovation, its diffusion and empirical evidence on growth. (Letter.) Effective: 2002 Fall Quarter.
ECN 270BEconomics of Growth (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 200D; ECN 200E. Empirical analysis of growth patterns and growth models. Emphasis on the relationship between macroeconomic management and long-term growth; the use of foreign capital in accelerating growth and its occasional mishaps; the comparison of growth performance in East Asia and Latin America since WW2; the experiences of centrally-planned economies and transitions to market-based growth; and the transformation from an industrial economy to a knowledge economy. (Letter.) Effective: 2003 Winter Quarter.
ECN 270CEconomics of Growth (4) Active
Lecture—3 hour(s); Discussion—1 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): ECN 200D; ECN 200E. Institutional bases; politics; contracts and commitment; money and finance; malthusian dynamics; modern economic growth; transition of industrialization; dual economies, core and periphery; sources of convergence and divergence; openness and growth; resources, demography, and geography; institutions, imperialism, and class conflicts. (Letter.) Effective: 2003 Spring Quarter.
ECN 280Orientation to Economic Research (2) Active
Discussion—2 hour(s). Bridge the gap between students' classwork and their subsequent research. Topics such as the origination of a research project, some mechanics of empirical research and hints on the submission of research papers. (S/U grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 290Topics in Economics (4) Active
Seminar—4 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Selected topics in economic analysis and public policy, focusing on current research. May be repeated for credit. (Letter.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 291Contemporary Economics Seminar (2) Active
Seminar—2 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing in Economics. Seminar series on topics of current interest. May be repeated for credit. (S/U grading only.) Effective: 2007 Fall Quarter.
ECN 298Group Study (1-5) Active
Discussion—1-5 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Graduate standing. (S/U grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 299Individual Study (1-12) Active
Variable. Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor. Graduate standing. (S/U grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 299DDissertation Research (1-12) Active
Variable. (S/U grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.
ECN 397Teaching of Economics (2) Active
Lecture/Discussion—2 hour(s). Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing in economics. Teaching of economics: methods of instruction, organization of courses, examination and evaluation procedures. (S/U grading only.) Effective: 1997 Winter Quarter.